From the woodworking shop to the operating room: New technique uses mortise and tenon joints to repair unstable shoulders

November 24, 2020 – Orthopaedic surgery techniques for treatment of recurrent shoulder instability are effective, but prone to problems with nonunion of bone grafts held in place by screws alone. A new technique – borrowing a design used for centuries in Chinese architecture and woodworking – provides an effective approach to shoulder stabilization, suggests a…

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Tracking COVID-19 trends in hard-hit states

Currently, there are over 10 million confirmed cases and more than 240,000 casualties attributed to COVID-19 in the U.S. Researchers at Louisiana State University have applied computational models to investigate infection rates in relation to social distancing measures. Their paper, Effect of mitigation measures on the spreading of COVID-19 in hard-hit states in the U.S.,…

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Study examines remission of obesity-related complications in teens after bariatric surgery

Aurora, Colo. (Nov. 24, 2020) – Eighty to 90% of adolescents benefit from lasting weight loss following bariatric surgery, and most experience the remission of obesity-related complications such as elevated blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes and musculoskeletal pain, among others. In a new study published in Obesity, researchers at Children’s Hospital Colorado (Children’s…

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‘Crisis decision making at the speed of COVID-19’ – Bay Area public health officials share their experience with shelter-in-place order

November 24, 2020 – In mid-March, public health officials across the San Francisco area issued the first U.S. regional shelter-in-place order in response to the emerging COVID-19 pandemic. A “field report” on the crisis decision-making approach followed in that effective early response is featured in a special COVID-19 supplement to the Journal of Public Health…

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Closing the racial disparity gap in survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest

PHILADELPHIA (November 24, 2020) – In-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCA) represent catastrophic and often terminal events. Despite investments to improve the quality of resuscitation efforts, fewer than 25% of all patients that experience cardiac arrests in hospitals survive to discharge, and survival varies significantly across hospitals and by race. Until now, few have been able to…

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For people with diabetes, medicaid expansion helps, but can’t do it all: BU study

Medicaid expansion through the Affordable Care Act has insured millions of low-income people in the United States, improving outcomes for patients with many different diseases. But expansion alone has not been enough to improve outcomes for patients with diabetes, according to a new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study. Published in the American…

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Black, Hispanic adolescents significantly more likely to die by police intervention than whites

A recent study evaluating the use of force by police against children found that Black and Hispanic adolescents are significantly more likely to die from shootings related to police intervention compared to non-Hispanic white adolescents. The findings, led by Children’s National Hospital researchers and reported online Nov. 24 in Pediatrics, mirror similar racial and ethnic…

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