100 years after development, TB vaccines vary in ability to stimulate immune components

Each year, more than 100 million newborns around the world receive vaccinations against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or TB, which infects about one-quarter of the world’s population. Facilities across the world produce several different formulations of these vaccines, known as Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccines. These are given interchangeably, yet new research from the Precision Vaccines Program…

Details

Ethics and Human Research, January-February 2020

Crowdsourced Research: Vulnerability, Autonomy, and Exploitation Adrian Kwek The use of online crowdsourcing platforms to recruit research participants has become ubiquitous in social, behavioral, and educational research. In what sense are crowd workers vulnerable as research participants, and what should ethics reviewers look out for in evaluating a crowdsourced research protocol? The article examines these…

Details

Protein levels in urine after acute kidney injury predict future loss of kidney function

High levels of protein in a patient’s urine shortly after an episode of acute kidney injury is associated with increased risk of kidney disease progression, providing a valuable tool in predicting those at highest risk for future loss of kidney function. This finding, published Jan. 27 in JAMA Internal Medicine by Vanderbilt University Medical Center…

Details

General population screening reduces life-threatening diabetic ketoacidosis, new research shows

NEW YORK- January 28, 2020 –JDRF, the leading global organization funding type 1 diabetes (T1D) research, today announced new research that found widespread screening for islet autoantibodies reduced the occurrence of life-threatening diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) among children with pre-symptomatic T1D. The JDRF-funded research study known as Fr1da was published in the Journal of the…

Details

Does news coverage of crashes affect perceived blame?

Despite an ever-rising number of pedestrian and bicyclist deaths on U.S. roads each year, there’s no widespread public pressure to improve road safety — a situation influenced by how news articles about auto-pedestrian/bicyclist crashes are written, said Tara Goddard, Texas A&M assistant professor of urban planning. “Adopting simple improvements in crash reporting offers a potentially…

Details

A Midwest Connection for Wagyu Beef

In 2014, several Angus cattle ranchers in Ohio started raising Wagyu for Sakura Wagyu Farms, a company formed to set standards for the cattle. The animals are bred from 100 percent Wagyu stock crossed with Angus, according to strict rules covering how they are grown (pastured, without hormones or antibiotics). Sakura’s own farms, also in…

Details

The Only Saucepan You Need

Cookware is among the stuff sold on Food52, the website for cooking and dining. Its new line, Five Two Essential Cookware, is designed with consumers’ feedback, and includes about the best saucepan you could want. Everything was considered: Made with three layers (aluminum sandwiched between stainless steel), it has well-balanced heft, a slightly rounded silhouette…

Details

Vegan Soups Ready to Reheat

Ben LeBlanc, whose satisfying soups are ladled out at Good Stock, his cafe in the West Village and Urbanspace Vanderbilt market stand, is now selling them online. They come frozen in plastic sleeves, each a single generous 16-ounce portion. All are vegetarian or vegan, in flavors like carrot-ginger, roasted mushroom, lentil and roasted tomato. There’s…

Details