Harnessing the microbiome to improve stroke recovery

Supplementing the body’s short chain fatty acids can improve stroke recovery, according to research in mice recently published in JNeurosci. Short chain fatty acid supplementation may be a non-invasive addition to stroke rehabilitation therapies. The gut microbiome influences brain health, including how the brain recovers from stroke. Short chain fatty acids, a fermentation product from…

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Operating room reproductive hazards for female surgeons

What The Study Did: Researchers in this review article discuss occupational reproductive hazards for female surgeons in the operating room, including radiation exposure, surgical smoke, working conditions and physical demands, sharps injuries, anesthetic gases and the use of toxic agents. To access the embargoed study: Visit our For The Media website at this link https://media.jamanetwork.com/ Authors: Matilda…

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Rhythmicity of cluster headache

London, UK: A prospective study recently published in the journal Cephalalgia, the official journal of the International Headache Society, extends the idea behind cluster headache chronicity. The study, entitled “Temporal changes of circadian rhythmicity in cluster headache”, was first-authored by Dr. Mi Ji Lee, from the Department of Neurology, Neuroscience Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan…

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Taking the measure of glycans

When Lorna De Leoz invited laboratories to participate in her glycomics study, she hoped for 20 responses. Instead, she was deluged by emails from around the world. De Leoz, at the time a research chemist at the National Institute for Standards and Technology, or NIST, was planning a study on how pharmaceutical and academic laboratories…

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Bystander CPR less likely for people living in Hispanic neighborhoods

PHILADELPHIA–People living in predominately Hispanic neighborhoods are less likely to receive CPR from a bystander following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest compared to people living in non-Hispanic neighborhoods, researchers from Penn Medicine and the Duke University of School of Medicine reported in the journal Circulation. This same group also had a lower likelihood of survival. Most…

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Extra benefit from epilepsy neurostimulators — reducing comorbid neuropsychiatric symptoms

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – People with drug-resistant epilepsy also can have deleterious neuropsychiatric symptoms like anxiety, depression, psychosis and impaired memory. These have negative impacts on quality of life, and there is an unmet need to improve therapy for such patients. Diagnosing and monitoring such neurobehavioral symptoms is challenging because their presentation can overlap with seizures.…

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