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California. South Carolina. North Dakota. Kentucky. Hawaii. Those are among the 18 states that set single-day case records in the last week, putting the country on track to breaking a national single-day record for new coronavirus cases set less than two weeks ago.

More than 73,500 cases were reported on Friday, according to a New York Times database, approaching the country’s record of 75,697 cases, set on July 16. Since June 24, the seven-day average has more than doubled, to more than 66,100 on Friday from 31,402.

The other states with rapidly growing caseloads are Alabama, Alaska, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Utah and West Virginia. A 19th state, Louisiana, also set a record, but because it reported a backlog of cases on Monday. A total of 40 states have seen 14-day increases in cases per capita.

As the number of cases has continued to climb, so has the number of hospitalizations, which dipped briefly below 28,000 in mid-June but is now skirting its own April record. Deaths are also rising: Friday was the fourth consecutive day with more than 1,100 reported U.S. deaths, which are trending upward in 30 states. On Saturday, South Carolina announced 80 new deaths, a single-day record.

On Friday, the number of people known to be hospitalized with the coronavirus in the country was 59,670, according to the Covid Tracking Project, a few hundred short of the record of 59,940 reported by the database on April 15.

A surge in Starr County, a rural, impoverished area in South Texas, near the border with Mexico, offers a grim example of the type of hospital crisis looming. The county’s infection rate of about 2,350 per 100,000 people is far higher than in more populous parts of Texas, including Houston. The county’s single hospital cannot handle the crush of Covid patients, and ethics committees have been formed to help determine which patients should be treated and which should be sent home to die.

Pentagon officials have dispatched Army and Navy personnel to the Starr County hospital and other medical centers in border cities to provide support, and state and federal officials have sent morgue trailers, ventilators, testing teams and surgical masks to the Rio Grande Valley.

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Credit…North Korean Central News Agency, via Reuters

North Korea said on Sunday that it had locked down a city near its border with South Korea and declared a “maximum” national emergency after finding what its leader, Kim Jong-un, said could be the country’s first case of Covid-19 there.

It issued the high alert after a North Korean who had defected to South Korea three years ago but secretly crossed back into the North’s Kaesong City last Sunday was “suspected to have been infected with the vicious virus,” the North’s official Korean Central News Agency said on Sunday.

Until now North Korea, one of the world’s most isolated countries, has repeatedly said that it had no case of Covid-19, although outside experts questioned the claim.

North Korea has taken some of the most drastic actions of any country against the virus, and it did so sooner than most other nations.

It sealed its borders in late January, shutting off business with neighboring China, which accounts for nine-tenths of its external trade. It clamped down on the smugglers who keep its thriving unofficial markets functioning. It quarantined all diplomats in Pyongyang for a month.

​The government’s ability to control the movement of people​ also bolsters its disease-control efforts.

A Covid-19 outbreak could seriously test North Korea’s underequipped public health system and its economy, already struggling under international sanctions. International relief agencies have been providing test kits and other assistance to help the country fight any potential spread of Covid-19.

North Korea did not reveal the identity of the North Korean runaway who it said had returned home with the possible virus infection from South Korea. The South Korean government did not immediately react to the North Korean claim.

Credit…Justin L. Fowler/The State Journal-Register, via Associated Press

Even as the virus continues to surge across the United States, pockets of resistance to public health measures continue to appear in parts of the country.

On Saturday, about 150 demonstrators marched outside the state capitol in Springfield, Ill., in opposition to Illinois State Board of Education guidance that says face coverings will be required in schools this fall, according to Michael Rebresh, an organizer.

The protest was billed as the “Million Unmasked March,” but Mr. Rebresh said he never expected it to draw that many people.

“Did we have the turnout we wanted? No, we didn’t,” Mr. Rebresh said. “But the folks who did turn out showed up with great spirit.”

In Texas on Saturday, some bar owners planned to open in defiance of Gov. Greg Abbott’s order on June 26 that required bars to close. More than 1,000 bars have signed up to participate in the protest, called Freedom Fest, according to Chris Polone, an owner of the Rail Club, a music venue in Fort Worth, and an organizer of the event.

Mr. Polone said he was asking bars that participate to operate at 25 percent capacity, take temperatures at the door, mandate masks and seat people at tables of four. He said it was unfair that Texas had closed bars while allowing restaurants to remain open for dine-in service, at reduced capacity.

“We don’t want to represent a bunch of idiots in this,” he said. “We’re trying to show we can open and act responsibly.”

A spokesman for Mr. Abbott did not immediately respond to an email.

The protests on Saturday were a faint echo of the far larger demonstrations held in several states in the spring, when thousands of protesters urged governors to relax the rules on commerce, work and daily life that health officials said were necessary to save lives.

Credit…National Institutes of Health

A preliminary report on four Covid-19 patients published in the medical journal JAMA offers intriguing clues about why some healthy young men become severely ill from the infection, and why men in general are more prone than women to serious effects of the disease.

Updated

Very rare genetic defects that weaken the immune system may have played havoc in the four patients — two sets of brothers ages 21 to 32 from unrelated families in the Netherlands. All, previously in good health, were admitted to intensive care units between March 23 and April 25. One, age 29, died.

Genetic analyses of the patients and their families identified flaws in a gene that enables cells to make molecules called interferons, which stir the immune system to fight off viruses. Without this line of defense, the researchers speculated, the patients struggled to fight the infection.

These genetic defects they were found to have are too rare to account for many other inexplicably severe cases of Covid-19, the researchers said, but the findings point to the possibility that other genetic variations may also influence susceptibility.

The findings also offer hints about why men in general may be more vulnerable than women to severe cases of Covid-19.

The gene that was flawed in the four young men in the study is located on the X chromosome. Men have one copy of that chromosome, while women have two — and if one X in a woman carries the gene defect, her other X may have a normal form of the gene, enabling the creation of enough interferons to stay healthy.

Having two copies of the normal gene — as most women do — may also give them an advantage over men.

An editorial accompanying the report said additional studies like this one could help explain how the disease develops, and enable researchers to find better treatments.

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The Amazon River is South America’s essential life source, the central artery in a vast network of tributaries that sustains some 30 million people across eight countries, moving supplies, people and industry deep into forested regions often untouched by road.

But once again, in a painful echo of history, it is also bringing disease.

The pandemic has overwhelmed Brazil, with more than two million infections and more than 84,000 deaths, an outbreak second only to the United States in severity. The six Brazilian cities with the highest coronavirus exposure are all on the Amazon River, according to an expansive new study from Brazilian researchers that measured antibodies in the population.

A Times photographer traveled the river for weeks, documenting how the virus has spread so quickly and thoroughly along the river that in remote fishing and farming communities like Tefé, people have been as likely to get the virus as in New York City, home to one of the world’s worst outbreaks.

“It was all very fast,” said Isabel Delgado, 34, whose father, Felicindo, died of the virus shortly after falling ill in the small city of Coari.

In the past four months, as the epidemic traveled from the biggest city in the Brazilian Amazon, Manaus, with its high-rises and factories, to tiny, seemingly isolated villages deep in the interior, the fragile health care system has buckled under the onslaught.

Cities and towns along the river have some of the highest deaths per capita in the country — often several times the national average.

The virus is exacting an especially high toll on Indigenous people, in a parallel to the past. Since the 1500s, waves of explorers have traveled the river, seeking gold, land and converts — and later, rubber, a resource that helped fuel the Industrial Revolution. But with them, these outsiders brought violence and diseases like smallpox and measles, killing millions and wiping out entire communities.

“This is a place that has generated so much wealth for others,” said Charles C. Mann, a journalist who has written extensively on the history of the Americas, “and look at what’s happening to it.”

Credit…Jim Wilson/The New York Times

Gov. Gavin Newsom of California said Friday that a robust testing regimen would begin for state nursing home surveyors, after a Los Angeles Times investigation revealed that they were not required to be tested for the coronavirus before inspecting facilities — meaning they could have been introducing infections into settings that house some of the most vulnerable populations.

More than 40 percent of U.S. deaths have been connected to such facilities, according to a New York Times database. In California, the percentage is even higher, accounting for at least 45 percent of deaths.

California will now require nursing home inspectors to meet the same state criteria required of nursing home employees, Mr. Newsom said at a news conference. “We’re raising our standards,” he said. Nursing homes in California are required to test 25 percent of their staff every seven days.

Dr. Michael Wasserman, the medical director of the Eisenberg Village nursing home in Reseda and president of the California Association of Long Term Care Medicine, said that he had not known that inspectors weren’t required to be tested until he learned of the Los Angeles Times investigation.

“When I heard that state surveyors were not being tested, I was shocked,” Dr. Wasserman said.

He contacted the California Department of Public Health to inquire why the requirement had not already been in place, and said an official responded that while most staff members did get tested, the department could not legally mandate it without legislation.

“How in the world can you be telling nursing homes that they need to be testing all of their staff and you’re not testing your inspectors?” Dr. Wasserman said in an interview.

He said that he also believes that the number of deaths related to care facilities could be far higher than the current known level of 59,000. In conversations with nursing homes around the country, he said, he had learned of many more nursing home deaths — especially in March and April — from what was most likely the virus, though those patients were never tested or formally diagnosed.

Credit…Anthony Wallace/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

As antiseptic wipes, disposable masks and plastic gloves have become ubiquitous during the pandemic, bits of this personal protective equipment have been turning up in startling places.

Scientists and environmentalists worldwide have reported increasing volumes of discarded P.P.E. items everywhere from oceans to dense urban areas.

“It’s quite alarming where these are ending up,” said Gary Stokes, a founder of OceansAsia, a marine conservation group. “It’s not just the beaches. We’re getting them out in nature, but also downtown; you see them on the streets, in the gutter, on public transport.”

According to public health officials, while discarded P.P.E. may be unseemly and have lasting effects on ecosystems, in particular oceans, it is unlikely to increase transmission. Under scientists’ current understanding, the coronavirus is unable to survive for long on a porous surface like a mask, especially if exposed to sunlight.

Global roundup

Credit…Adriano Machado/Reuters

President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil said Saturday that he had been cured of Covid-19 after apparently having only mild symptoms from a disease he has repeatedly played down while it has killed more than 85,000 people in his country.

“GOOD MORNING EVERYONE,” Mr. Bolsonaro, 65, posted in a message on Twitter Saturday morning, with the news that his latest coronavirus test had come back negative.

The message included a photo of the president in which he appears to be smiling and giving a thumbs up while brandishing a box of hydroxychloroquine pills, the anti-malaria medicine. Mr. Bolsonaro has hailed the drug as a miracle cure, despite a growing scientific consensus that it is not effective to treat Covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.

There have been more than 2.3 million known infections in Brazil, which ranks second in the world, behind the United States, in total reported cases, according to a New York Times database.

Mr. Bolsonaro said he experienced body aches and a fever in the days before he first tested positive for the virus on July 7. Since then, he has projected an image of vitality as he roamed the grounds of the presidential residence in Brasília, at times playing with large birds that live on the grounds.

Shortly after announcing the negative test result, Mr. Bolsonaro left the palace riding a motorcycle, accompanied by security aides.

In other news from around the globe:

  • South Korea reported 58 new infections on Sunday, including 46 from abroad, in a sharp drop from a day earlier. On Saturday, the country had reported 113 new infections, its highest daily total since March. Those cases included 36 South Korean construction workers who had returned from Iraq, and 32 Russian sailors from a fishing vessel docked for repair.

  • Also in South Korea, the office of President Moon Jae-in said on Sunday that he had received a letter from Bill Gates, the Microsoft co-founder turned philanthropist, expressing hope for greater cooperation between South Korea and his foundation in efforts to fight the virus. In the July 20 letter, Mr. Gates praised the country’s pandemic response and said that if the South Korean company SK Bioscience succeeded in developing a vaccine, it would be able to produce 200 million doses a year starting next June. The company has received $3.6 million in research funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop a coronavirus vaccine.

  • Australia on Sunday reported its highest one-day death toll — 10 people, all in the state of Victoria. Also on Sunday, the New South Wales Supreme Court prohibited a Black Lives Matter rally set for Sydney on Tuesday, citing the risk of virus transmission. Organizers say they plan to appeal.

  • Afghanistan’s minister of public health has urged Afghans to stay in their homes this coming week during Eid al-Adha, one of the biggest holidays of the Islamic calendar, to avoid risking a resurgence of the virus. Celebrations for a previous holiday — Eid al-Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan and its month of fasting — had spread the virus, the minister warned.

  • Indoor gyms and leisure centers in England were permitted to reopen on Saturday as the British government continued a planned gradual exit from lockdown. Britain has recorded more than 45,000 coronavirus deaths, and Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who has previously strongly defended his government’s approach, told a BBC interviewer on Friday that there were “very open questions” about whether the country had locked down too late.

  • As Spain struggles with hundreds of local outbreaks, particularly in the northeast of the country, it is also facing renewed travel restrictions imposed by fellow European countries, which could further cripple the tourism sector that is a cornerstone of its economy.

  • The Czech Republic reimposed some virus restrictions on Saturday, according to the news agency Reuters, including a face-mask mandate at indoor events with over 100 people, as its daily number of confirmed cases surpassed 150 in the last five days and Prague was trying to contain an outbreak from a nightclub.

Credit…Linh Pham/Getty Images

Vietnam has banned the import of wild animals and ordered the closure of its wildlife markets, two major measures that the government hopes will reduce the risk of future pandemics and protect species from extinction.

The measures, announced on Thursday by Vietnam’s prime minister, Nguyen Xuan Phuc, took effect immediately and include a ban on trade in the body parts of wild species and wildlife trading online. They do not cover commercial farming of species considered wild.

Freeland, a Thailand-based international environmental group that has campaigned against the wildlife trade, said the ban was the toughest enacted anywhere since the emergence of the coronavirus that causes Covid-19, including China’s permanent ban on wildlife trade and consumption.

“Vietnam is to be congratulated for recognizing that Covid-19 and other pandemics are linked to the wildlife trade, and that this trade must be banned as a matter of international and public health security,” said Steven Galster, Freeland’s international chairman.

The illegal wildlife trade is a thriving business in Southeast Asia and it was unclear how committed Vietnam would be in enforcing the new ban.

The coronavirus is believed to have originated in Wuhan, China, most likely in bats before jumping to an intermediate species — possibly civets, rats or pangolins — and then to humans. Many of the first reported cases in Wuhan were tied to a seafood market that has since been permanently closed.

The SARS epidemic, which killed nearly 800, started with the consumption of wildlife in China in 2002.

Health experts and animal advocates have long urged countries to ban the wildlife trade to protect both humans and threatened species. Some noted that China’s recent ban on wildlife trade and consumption includes loopholes for trade in wild animals for medicinal uses.

So-called traditional medicine using wild animal parts is popular in Vietnam and China, which share a border. Wild animals are also an important source of food in some parts of Southeast Asia, including Indonesia.

Separately, Vietnam, which has recorded zero deaths from the coronavirus and had gone 100 days without a single case of local transmission, reported two positive cases over the weekend in the central city of Danang, a 57-year-old man and a 61-year-old man. In both cases the source of the infection remains unclear. Officials said the second man’s condition was deteriorating rapidly and that he had been hospitalized and placed on a ventilator.

Credit…Ted S. Warren/Associated Press

A small California company called Vaxart made a surprise announcement last month: A coronavirus vaccine it was working on had been selected by the U.S. government to be part of Operation Warp Speed, the flagship federal initiative to quickly develop drugs to combat Covid-19.

Vaxart’s shares soared. Company insiders, who weeks earlier had received stock options worth a few million dollars, saw the value of those awards increase sixfold. And a hedge fund that partly controlled the company walked away with more than $200 million in instant profits.

In the race to develop a vaccine, some companies and investors are betting that the winners stand to earn vast profits from selling hundreds of millions — or even billions — of doses to a desperate public.

Across the pharmaceutical and medical industries, senior executives and board members are capitalizing on that dynamic.

They are making millions of dollars after announcing positive developments, including support from the government, in their efforts to fight Covid-19. After such announcements, insiders from at least 11 companies — most of them smaller firms whose fortunes often hinge on the success or failure of a single drug — have sold shares worth well over $1 billion since March, according to figures compiled for The New York Times by Equilar, a data provider.

In some cases, company insiders are profiting from regularly scheduled compensation or automatic stock trades. But in other situations, senior officials appear to be pouncing on opportunities to cash out while prices are sky high. And some companies have awarded stock options to executives shortly before announcements about vaccine progress.

The sudden windfalls highlight the powerful financial incentives for company officials to generate positive headlines in the race for coronavirus vaccines and treatments, even if the drugs might never pan out.

Armed attacks against ships have nearly doubled in Asia so far this year, according to a report by a 20-nation network that works to prevent piracy in the region.

The study noted 51 incidents of piracy, referring to attacks in international waters, or armed robbery, meaning attacks in national waters, between January and June, compared with 28 in the same period in 2019. Of those, 16 occurred in the Singapore Strait, a busy traffic hub where vessels appeared to be especially vulnerable.

The findings, from the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia, document the latest challenge for some countries in Asia already struggling to combat the pandemic at home. India, Bangladesh and the Philippines, where the number of incidents increased this year, have faced recent hurdles in their coronavirus response as cases continue to pile up across the continent.

The report also adds to emerging questions about how crime rates have shifted in general as countries deal with the fallout from the pandemic and the resulting economic downturn.

While some crime fell as lockdowns around the world kept people indoors, some criminal activity has increased. Many of the largest cities in the United States have recorded staggering increases in murders during the first half of this year, even as other violent crimes have fallen. Murder rates have spiked in cities like Chicago, New York and Philadelphia, and the White House has sent federal agents to some of them to work with local authorities to confront the rise in shootings and other violence.

Cybercrime appears to be more common. For instance, scammers have siphoned off billions of dollars in unemployment claims in the United States. And reports of domestic abuse have risen around the world, including in Britain, Spain, France, Mexico and China.

U.S. ROUNDUP

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Hurricane Hanna arrived on Texas’ gulf coast, striking Corpus Christi with high winds and a storm surge. The area is also struggling with high numbers of coronavirus cases.CreditCredit…Tamir Kalifa for The New York Times

Already battered by the coronavirus pandemic, southeast Texas faced a new but no less frightening foe on Saturday, as Hurricane Hanna slammed the coast with heavy rains and winds predicted to reach up to 110 miles per hour.

Hanna strengthened from a tropical storm to a Category 1 hurricane on Saturday morning, and forecasters issued the first hurricane warning for the southern coastal region since Hurricane Harvey struck the area in August 2017 and caused the worst rainstorm in United States history. Hanna’s eye made landfall on Padre Island, about 60 miles north of the U.S.-Mexico border, at about 5 p.m. on Saturday, with winds of 90 m.p.h.

The National Weather Service warned that strong winds from the hurricane, the first of the Atlantic season, could peel roofs from homes, mangle trees and cause power outages, as mayors and local officials turned from one crisis mode to another.

Coronavirus cases have been rising in several counties in the path of the hurricane. In Nueces County, which includes Corpus Christi and is home to about 362,000 people, the number of virus cases and deaths reported each day has trended upward in recent weeks, fueled in part by visitors who flocked to the beach city because of its low case count.

About 10,000 people in Nueces County have been infected with the virus; more than a fifth of those cases were reported in the past week. At least 124 people have died in the county.

In other virus-related news around the country:

  • Gov. Eric Holcomb of Indiana signed an executive order this past week requiring residents to wear face coverings beginning Monday after the state recorded a new high of more than 1,000 new coronavirus cases on Friday. Indianapolis in particular is seeing an upward trend in infection, its mayor, Joe Hogsett, said, with transmission occurring mostly indoors at places like gyms and bars.

  • In Arizona, where some closures but no full lockdown was imposed when cases exploded in June, the number of patients hospitalized with the virus is starting to decline, potentially providing lessons for other states. “In some ways, it is like a large-scale version of a clinical trial,” said Dr. Tom Inglesby, the director of the Center for Health Security of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. “Arizona is one of the states involved and is going through crisis and now is taking a certain set of interventions, and we are seeing if those interventions work.”

  • A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that people with mild Covid-19 cases — including young adults with no underlying conditions — can suffer symptoms that linger for weeks. A telephone survey of nearly 300 adults who tested positive but were not hospitalized showed that more than a third were still suffering symptoms two to three weeks later, including fatigue, cough and shortness of breath.

Credit…Stefani Reynolds for The New York Times

The Supreme Court on Friday rejected a request from a church in Nevada to block enforcement of state restrictions on attendance at religious services.

The vote was 5 to 4, with Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. joining the court’s four more liberal members to form a majority.

The court’s brief order was unsigned and gave no reasons, which is typical when the justices act on emergency applications. The court’s four more conservative members filed three dissents, totaling 24 pages.

Calvary Chapel Dayton Valley in Dayton, Nev., argued that the state treated houses of worship less favorably than it did casinos, restaurants and amusement parks. Those businesses have been limited to 50 percent of their fire-code capacities, while houses of worship have been subject to a flat 50-person limit.

Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr., in a dissent joined by Justices Clarence Thomas and Brett M. Kavanaugh, wrote that the distinction made no sense.

“The Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion,” Justice Alito wrote. “It says nothing about the freedom to play craps or blackjack, to feed tokens into a slot machine or to engage in any other game of chance. But the governor of Nevada apparently has different priorities.”

“A public health emergency does not give governors and other public officials carte blanche to disregard the Constitution for as long as the medical problem persists,” Justice Alito wrote.

The court considered a similar objection from a California church in May, rejecting it by a 5-to-4 vote.

Credit…Anna Moneymaker for The New York Times

Top Trump administration officials returned to Capitol Hill on Saturday trying to iron out the details of the Republicans’ $1 trillion proposal for coronavirus relief, after a week largely consumed with intraparty disagreements over what should be in the package.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and Mark Meadows, the White House chief of staff, huddled with aides to Senator Mitch McConnell, the majority leader, who plans to introduce his party’s proposal on Monday. Mr. McConnell was in his home state of Kentucky, where he is running for re-election.

“We have a fundamental understanding, and we just want to make sure all the paperwork is ready and finished so it can be introduced on Monday,” Mr. Mnuchin told reporters on Capitol Hill.

The rare Saturday visit from top administration officials underscored Republicans’ predicament. They had hoped to unveil a unified proposal this week to serve as their bargaining position in negotiations with Democrats.

But they were stymied by disagreements on a range of issues, like a payroll tax cut — which the White House ultimately agreed to abandon for this relief package — and changes to a federal program providing enhanced unemployment benefits. That program, established as part of the $2.2 trillion stimulus law in March, expires next week and is now almost certain to lapse, throwing millions of Americans relying on the checks into limbo.

Senate Republicans and the White House are still haggling over how to scale back the current $600-a-week expanded benefit, which most Republicans view as too generous.

The alternatives under consideration include lowering the weekly payment for two months, and then setting the size of payments after that to a percentage of a worker’s previous income.

“We’re not going to use taxpayer money to pay people more to stay home,” Mr. Mnuchin said. “So we’re going to transition to a U.I. system that is based on wage replacement.”

But the National Association of State Workforce Agencies warned Capitol Hill this past week that such a significant change to the current program was likely to take months for states to enact, according to a memo obtained by The New York Times.

Credit…Tony Luong for The New York Times

Alister Martin, a 31-year-old emergency room doctor at Massachusetts General Hospital, established a project last year called VotER, setting up kiosks in the hospital that included iPads loaded with TurboVote software and posters with QR codes that patients can scan with cellphones, automatically bringing up a website where they can register.

His project is spreading across the country as traditional in-person voter-registration efforts have been curbed because of the spread of the virus. Since May, more than 3,000 health care providers have requested kits to register their patients to vote, including at flagship hospitals across the country.

“There will be a time where, above the din of suffering, we ask, ‘How can we use this to make something better of our situation?’” said Dr. Martin, who always wears a “Ready to Vote?” badge around his neck.

After months of watching the mismanagement of the response, and fearing for their own lives as well as their patients’, many doctors and nurses now see the connection between their work and politics more clearly.

“Previously, physicians taking a political stance was seen as possibly unprofessional,” said Kelly Wong, a medical student who is part of Patient Voting, a Rhode Island-based effort to provide hospitalized patients with information that can help them navigate the gantlet of voting from a hospital bed. “Civic engagement of our patients and our communities is really important to changing health outcomes.”

Credit…September Dawn Bottoms/The New York Times

In New York City, where gyms are still closed and Netflix is the safest evening entertainment, the phenomenon of stay-at-home weight gain — playfully called the Quarantine 15 by some — has brought an unexpected windfall for some tailors. Some say they have seen business rise by as much as 80 percent, with customers asking for buttons to be moved, waistbands lengthened and jackets made more roomy.

Business was bleak at Woodside Tailor Shop in Queens during the long months of pandemic lockdown. There was no need for party dress alterations, or any pressure for slacks to be hemmed.

But things started picking back up in June, with one particular service in sudden demand: People needed a bit more breathing room in their clothing.

“Everybody got fat!” said Porfirio Arias, 66, a tailor at the Woodside shop. “It’s not only in New York. It’s all over the world that people got fat.”

The boost in business has been welcome for many tailors, who often operate in storefronts shared with dry cleaners, which have suffered mightily during the pandemic. Dry cleaning businesses at the peak of the pandemic lost an estimated 80 to 90 percent in sales compared to previous years, and are still down about 40 to 50 percent, according to data collected by the North East Fabricare Association.

Many tailors fear that the industry may not bounce back even as more people return to work, if the traditional workplace culture shifts to the new work-from-home ethos — meaning more sweatpants and fewer bespoke suits that need to be cleaned, pressed or altered.

Of course, not all New Yorkers have been able to work from home, and the ability to sequester has largely fallen along socioeconomic lines: Putting on pandemic pounds is a small downside of what is in essence a tremendous privilege.

NEW YORK ROUNDUP

Credit…Chang W. Lee/The New York Times

Eight outdoor pools across New York City’s five boroughs opened on Friday, despite the pandemic and budget cuts. In nearly 80 years, the pools had never missed a season. But this year, it was a close call.

In April, Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that outdoor public pools would stay closed for the summer in an effort to save money. But in June, he reversed that decision, providing nearly $10 million to the Department of Parks and Recreation to reinstate 15 of the city’s 53 outdoor pools.

Eight outdoor pools across New York City’s five boroughs opened on Friday, and seven more are set to open next Saturday.

The pools are operating at 70 percent capacity, and attendees must wear face coverings at all times, except in the water. Social-distancing ambassadors are stationed at locker rooms and poolside to watch for overcrowding, as they also do at beaches. Swimmers are expected to keep six feet away from others in the pool.

Here are other developments from the New York area:

  • At least two dozen lifeguards from Long Beach Island, N.J., tested positive for the coronavirus after attending social events together, according to a report from NJ.com.

  • Gov. Andrew Cuomo said on Saturday that the number of people hospitalized with the virus in New York had dropped to the lowest levels since the pandemic began. According to Mr. Cuomo’s statement, 996 people in the state were hospitalized on Friday, the first time that figure had fallen below 1,000 since March 18.

Here are answers to your questions about how to safely and ethically change your location.

Reporting was contributed by Fahim Abed, Manuela Andreoni, Aman Batheja, Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs, Chau Doan, Choe Sang-Hun, Emily Cochrane, Jesse Drucker, Nicholas Fandos, David Gelles, Denise Grady, Tyler Hicks, Juliana Kim, Nicholas Kulish, Michael Levenson, Adam Liptak, By Ernesto Londoño, Giulia McDonnell Nieto del Rio, Sarah Mervosh, Raphael Minder, Sarah Maslin Nir, Zach Montague, Richard C. Paddock, Elian Peltier, Simon Romero, Farah Stockman, Derrick Bryson Taylor, Julie Turkewitz and Jeremy White.