Plant peptide helps roots to branch out in the right places

IMAGE: (Left) Arabidopsis wild-type 9-day growth. (Center and right) The expression of lateral root founder cell marker the DR5 marker gene (DR5:Luciferase) in the root. White arrows show highly active DR5…. view more  Credit: Kobe University How do plants space out their roots? A Japanese research team has identified a peptide and its receptor that help…

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New therapeutic avenue in the fight against chronic liver disease

IMAGE: This is a schematic image showing the ETP expression and survival rate in liver tissue from HCC patients. view more  Credit: UNIST Chronic liver disease is known as the silent killer, as it shows no obvious symptoms until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage. Therefore, making a proper diagnosis in the early stage…

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How gut bacteria affect the treatment of Parkinson’s disease

IMAGE: The presence of more bacteria producing the tyrosine decarboxylase (TDC) enzyme means less levodopa in the bloodstream. view more  Credit: S. El Aidy, University of Groningen Patients with Parkinson’s disease are treated with levodopa, which is converted into dopamine, a neurotransmitter in the brain. In a study published on 18 January in the journal Nature…

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Antibodies to a retina protein to be used as a kidney cancer marker

IMAGE: This is renal cell carcinoma. view more  Credit: Ed Uthman/Wikimedia Commons Sechenov University together with their German colleagues suggest a new highly sensitive, quick, and pain-free method for diagnosing kidney cancer. This method is based on measuring of the immune response to arrestin-1, a retina protein that is synthesized in the cancerous cells of kidneys.…

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Researchers find short bouts of stairclimbing throughout the day can boost health

IMAGE: This is Martin Gibala, Professor of Kinesiology at McMaster University. view more  Credit: JD Howell, McMaster University It just got harder to avoid exercise. A few minutes of stair climbing, at short intervals throughout the day, can improve cardiovascular health, according to new research from kinesiologists at McMaster University and UBC Okanagan. The findings, published…

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Charité leads on three new EU-funded projects

Researchers from Charité — Universitätsmedizin Berlin have successfully convinced the EU Commission of the quality of their research proposals. As a result, the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program will provide funding for a total of nine collaborative research projects, three of which will be led by Charité. For its involvement in all nine…

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Green turtle: The success of the reintroduction program in Cayman Islands

IMAGE: Overexploitation of the green turtle in the Cayman Islands caused the disappearance of nesting populations. view more  Credit: Cayman Turtle Center (CTC) The reintroduction program for the green turtle in the Cayman Islands is crucial in order to recover this species, which are threatened by the effects of human overexploitation, according to a study published…

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FDA grant to help scientists increase generic drugs delivered vaginally or to the uterus

BUFFALO, N.Y. ¬- University at Buffalo researchers received an $880,000 grant to help quicken the development of generic equivalents of contraceptives and other drugs delivered vaginally or to the uterus, such as by intrauterine devices (IUD). The investigators will develop a model of the female reproductive tract based on physiological measurements and mathematics that will…

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Mount Sinai Partners with Paradigm Biopharmaceuticals Ltd. and ReqMed Company, Ltd. to repurpose drug to battle rare MPS diseases

The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has entered into two exclusive licenses to develop the drug pentosan polysulfate sodium for the treatment of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS), with Australia-based company Paradigm Biopharmaceuticals Ltd. (ASX: PAR) and ReqMed Company, Ltd. of Japan. MPS is a group of 11 lysosomal storage diseases, metabolic disorders caused by genetic…

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