Analysis examines migraine’s link to higher stroke risk

Migraine with aura was associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, but a recent post-hoc analysis published in Headache reveals unexpected results suggesting that onset of such migraines before age 50 years is not associated with such risk. Later onset of migraine with aura was linked with…

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3D printing may help treat osteoarthritis

In a Journal of Orthopaedic Research study, scientists used 3D printing to repair bone in the joints of mini-pigs, an advance that may help to treat osteoarthritis in humans. Specifically, the investigators used 3D printing with a needle-array to generate articular cartilage and subchondral bone using constructs composed of mesenchymal stem cells derived from fat…

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Overprescribing of antidepressant medications may be common in elderly patients

In a Pharmacology Research & Perspectives study of individuals living in Olmsted County, Minnesota from 2005-2012, potential overprescribing of antidepressant medications occurred in nearly one-quarter of elderly residents. Potential antidepressant overprescribing was most likely in individuals residing in nursing homes; patients having a higher number of comorbid medical conditions; individuals who were outpatients; those taking…

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Do economic conditions affect pregnancy outcomes?

Economic downturn during early pregnancy was linked with modest increases in preterm birth in a Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology analysis. For the analysis, researchers examined a dataset of all singleton births in Michigan from 1990-2012. Each one percentage point increase in state unemployment in the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with a modest 3%…

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Study reveals bias in children even before they reach kindergarten

In a Developmental Science study of preschool-aged children, implicit and explicit evaluations of Black boys were less positive than evaluations of Black girls, White boys, or White girls. This «gendered racial bias» was exhibited by both White and non-White children and was not correlated with their exposure to diversity. It also mirrors social bias observed…

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Free lung cancer screening program builds valuable relationships with patients

IMAGE: This is Dr. Carsten Schroeder. view more  Credit: Phil Jones, Senior Photographer, Augusta University Augusta, Ga. (Jan. 24, 2019) — A free, simple screening for lung cancer can save a patient money, while building a healthy relationship for any medical needs they may have in the future. The research, published in the Annals of Thoracic…

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Positive self belief key to recovery from shoulder pain

People are more likely to recover from shoulder pain if they have the confidence to carry on doing most things, despite their pain — according to new research from the University of East Anglia and University of Hertfordshire. Researchers studied more than 1,000 people undergoing physiotherapy for shoulder pain. They found that those who expected…

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Zinc deficiency may play a role in high blood pressure

Rockville, Md. (January 24, 2019)—Lower-than-normal zinc levels may contribute to high blood pressure (hypertension) by altering the way the kidneys handle sodium. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology—Renal Physiology. Zinc deficiency is common in people with chronic illnesses such as type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease. People…

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