Microplastic contamination found in common source of groundwater, researchers report

IMAGE: Illinois Sustainable Technology Center researcher John Scott is part of a team of researchers who are among the first to explore microplastic contamination in groundwater systems. view more  CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Microplastics contaminate the world’s surface waters, yet scientists have only just begun to explore their presence in groundwater systems. A new study is the…

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Helmholtz scientists identify the causes of cortisone-induced side effects

IMAGE: Steroid treatment can trigger metabolic changes such as a fatty liver (shown here) via the transcription factor E47. view more  Credit: © Helmholtz Zentrum München Patients undergoing long-term treatment with steroids may suffer from metabolic side effects. Researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU), partners in the German…

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Understanding the emergence of leukemia

IMAGE: Microscopic image of a thymus section. Mature T lymphocytes (red and green) are at the centre of the thymus whereas the precursor cells (yellow) are located at the periphery. view more  Credit: Mariana Ávila, IGC. Acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia is a rare type of blood cancer that affects mostly children. This blood cancer appears from…

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An integrative approach to studying lipid biology

The synthesis and transport of biological lipids across the mostly water-filled interior of the cell is a longstanding problem in biology. One of the solutions that nature has employed to solved it, is to use lipid-binding proteins, which work in various ways: enzymes that penetrate biological membranes, «chaperone» proteins that solubilize lipids in a pocket…

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Tobacco use in adolescence is tied to paranoia, largely due to shared genetic influences

Washington, DC, January 25, 2019 Paranoia is associated with regular tobacco smoking in adolescents after accounting for other factors like cannabis use, sleep disturbances and stressful life events, reports a study recently published to the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP). The study also provides novel insights about the underlying…

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New research will improve diagnosis of antenatal anxiety

IMAGE: This is Andrea Sinesi. view more  Credit: University of Stirling A landmark study by experts at the University of Stirling will help health professionals improve the identification of severe and problematic anxiety in pregnant women. Antenatal anxiety can be difficult to identify and current guidance recommends that health professionals apply the same screening tool used…

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New therapeutic target for graft-vs-host disease could make bone marrow transplant safer

IMAGE: Xue-Zhong Yu, M.D., is professor of Microbiology and Immunology in the College of Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina and SmartState Endowed Chair in Cancer Stem Cell… view more  Credit: Sarah Pack, Medical University of South Carolina Bone marrow transplant (BMT) offers patients with leukemia and lymphoma a potentially curative treatment. Bone marrow…

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Harvard researchers report positive trial results with artificial pancreas smartphone app

IMAGE: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics (DTT) covers new technology and new products for the treatment, monitoring, diagnosis, and prevention of diabetes and its complications. view more  Credit: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers New Rochelle, NY, January 25, 2019—The results of a new clinical trial have shown the safety and efficacy of the interoperable Artificial Pancreas System…

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Giving children the skills they need to tackle life’s toughest challenges

IMAGE: Mural in Unidad Park, Historic Filipinotown. The mural is entitled, Gintong Kasaysayan, Gintong Pamana (Filipino Americans: A Glorious History, A Golden Legacy). Artist: Eliseo Art Silva view more  Credit: Melinda Smith Mental health and suicide are not just adult issues. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide rates have tripled over the…

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Kansas State University awarded grant for juvenile justice initiatives

IMAGE: The Kansas State University Juvenile Justice Collaborative has been awarded $521,805 by the Kansas Department of Corrections and the Kansas Advisory Group to work with local communities in developing support… view more  Credit: Kansas State University MANHATTAN, KANSAS — The K-State Juvenile Justice Collaborative, or K-State JJC, has been awarded $521,805 by the Kansas Department…

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