Discovery paves the way for blocking malaria transmission in Brazil

The bacteria that form the gut microbiota influence important processes of the human body, such as digestion, nutrient absorption, and defense against pathogens. The same type of relationship is present in most animals, including in the Anhopheles darlingi mosquito, the main vector of malaria in Brazil. In the case of this insect, the composition of…

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Virtual reality would make attending therapy easier for stroke survivors

Researchers have created a virtual reality clinic to make it easier for stroke survivors to attend their physical and occupational therapy sessions. Results from a proof-of-concept study suggest that the technology — and the social connection it facilitates — are effective at encouraging therapy participation. «Physical and occupational therapy are important parts of stroke recovery,…

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Breast cancer recurrence after lumpectomy & RT is treatable with localized RT without mastectomy

Approximately 10% of breast cancer patients treated with lumpectomy (breast-conserving surgery [BCS]) and whole-breast radiation (WBI) will have a subsequent in-breast local recurrence of cancer (IBTR) when followed long term. The surgical standard of care has been to perform mastectomy if breast cancer recurs following such breast-preserving treatment. However, a new multi-center study led by…

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Tiny devices made of DNA detect cancer with fewer false alarms

DURHAM, N.C. — A new cancer-detecting tool uses tiny circuits made of DNA to identify cancer cells by the molecular signatures on their surface. Duke University researchers fashioned the simple circuits from interacting strands of synthetic DNA that are tens of thousands of times finer than a human hair. Unlike the circuits in a computer,…

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Do obesity and smoking impact healing after wrist fracture surgery?

Boston, Mass. — Both obesity and smoking can have negative effects on bone health. A recent study led by a team at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) examined whether they also impact healing in patients who have undergone surgery for fractures of the wrist, or the distal radius, which are among the most common…

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Ohio State-developed drug receives FDA approval for treatment of CLL and SML

COLUMBUS, Ohio — On Nov. 21, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of the drug acalabrutinib for first-line therapy in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small cell lymphoma (SCL). This is the first full approval of the targeted drug therapy, which was developed and tested at The Ohio State University…

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Predicting vulnerability to Alzheimer’s disease and delirium

Boston, Mass. — Marked by acute temporary confusion, disorientation and/or agitation, postoperative delirium is the most common post-surgical complication in older adults, striking as many as half of adults older than 65 who undergo high-risk procedures such as cardiac surgery or hip replacements. Postoperative delirium is also tightly linked to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Although each…

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New model for predicting kidney injury after common heart procedure

New Haven, Conn. —A Yale-led group of doctors has developed a new mathematical model that can predict the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing a common heart procedure. For patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), commonly known as angioplasty, exposure to contrast agents — material used in the procedure to help…

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Contact lens for childhood myopia coming to the US in 2020

SAN RAMON, Calif., November 21, 2019—CooperVision announced it has received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval on Nov. 15, 2019 of its innovative MiSight® 1 day contact lens1. The cornerstone of a comprehensive myopia management approach to be offered by CooperVision, this daily wear, single use contact lens is the first and only FDA-approved…

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