ICU patients with non-brain-related injuries may suffer undetected cognitive dysfunction

A new study led by Western University and Lawson Health Research Institute has found that most patients entering hospital intensive care units (ICU) for non-brain-related injuries or ailments also suffer from some level of related cognitive dysfunction that currently goes undetected in most cases. The findings were published today in the influential scientific journal, PLOS…

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Growth hormone acts to prevent weight loss

Researchers at the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil have discovered that growth hormone (GH), which stimulates skeletal maturation and linear bone growth, as well as helping maintain tissue and organs throughout life, also acts directly on the brain to conserve energy when the body loses weight. A paper on the discovery has just…

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Harmful compounds might be formed when foods containing the sweetener sucralose are heated

The available data show that harmful compounds, some with carcinogenic potential, might occur when Sucralose and especially Sucralose-containing foods such as canned vegetables or baked goods are heated. When Sucralose (E 955) is heated to temperatures higher than 120 °C a gradual — and with further increasing temperature continuous — decomposition and dechlorination of the…

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LSU Health New Orleans research finds new Rx target for childhood cancer

New Orleans, LA — Research led by Michael Lan, PhD, Professor of Pediatrics and Genetics at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, found that a compound named 5′-iodotubercidin (5′-IT) suppresses the growth of neuroblastoma cells and identified a potential new therapeutic approach for the disease. The paper, currently available online here, will be published…

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Abnormal proteins correlate with aggressive behavior in dementia

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have together with American colleagues studied deceased patients who were diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or frontotemporal dementia. They observed a correlation between certain proteins and dementia sufferers’ tendency to commit criminal acts. «This study is unique in that we studied deceased patients, something that means we are 100 per…

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New studies can inform programs to prevent sexual violence among teens locally, globally

PROVIDENCE, R.I.[Brown University] — Across cultures and geographic locations, the teen years are a time of growth, development and exploration into adult interactions — and romantic and sexual relationships are often some of the most critical interactions that many teenagers navigate. A series of new studies by researchers at Brown University examines how teenagers in…

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Researchers develop effective method to diagnose pancreatic cancer

Thus, the prospects for early pancreatic cancer detection are of enormous importance. Innovation Fund Denmark has just granted 13.1 million kroner for new and promising pancreatic cancer diagnostic technologies. Associate professor Birgitte Regenberg, University of Copenhagen’s Department of Biology heads the project. She and her research group have developed an extremely sensitive diagnostic method using…

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Virginia Tech joins global effort on vector control strategy to prevent malaria

IMAGE: From left: Virginia Tech researchers Roger Schürch, Kang Xia, Cassidy Rist, and Douglas Pfeiffer (not pictured) were awarded a $1.4 million grant to undertake the economic and environmental impact assessments… view more  Credit: Virginia Tech Malaria, according to the U.S. Agency for International Development, continues to be a leading cause of illness and death worldwide.…

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Listeners immerse themselves in audiobooks in very different ways

Researchers at Aalto University analysed how listeners immerse themselves in audiobooks by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and words that the story brings to mind. The study indicated that word lists resembling each other also predicted similarities in brain function. In the study, 16 people listened to an audiobook written by Professor Iiro Jääskeläinen…

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