Phys Ed: The Best Type of Exercise to Burn Fat

A few minutes of brief, intense exercise may be as effective as much lengthier walks or other moderate workouts for incinerating body fat, according to a helpful new review of the effects of exercise on fat loss. The review finds that super-short intervals could even, in some cases, burn more fat than a long walk…

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Opioid use in the family may influence adolescents’ opioid risk after surgery

ANN ARBOR — Having a family member with persistent opioid use may be a risk factor for young adults continuing prescriptions long after their own surgeries, a new Michigan Medicine study suggests. The presence of one or more family members using long-term opioids before a procedure was associated with a higher likelihood that adolescents prescribed…

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Don’t panic: Lessons learned from Hawaii false alarm

When Hawaiian Island residents received a false alarm text message that said «Ballistic missile threat inbound to Hawaii. Seek immediate shelter. This is not a drill,» in January 2018, the result was not panic, according to new research from the University of Georgia. A team of researchers analyzed the unprecedented event—a text that was announced…

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Newly identified drug targets could open door for esophageal cancer therapeutics

IMAGE: Graphical abstract of TGF-beta pathway activity during progression of esophageal adenocarcinoma. view more  Credit: Case Western Reserve School of Medicine Blocking two molecular pathways that send signals inside cancer cells could stave off esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), the most common esophageal malignancy in the United States, according to new research out of Case Western Reserve University…

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Biologists find the long and short of it when it comes to chromosomes

A team of biologists has uncovered a mechanism that determines faithful inheritance of short chromosomes during the reproductive process. The discovery, reported in the journal Nature Communications, elucidates a key aspect of inheritance—deviation from which can lead to infertility, miscarriages, or birth defects such as Down syndrome. The research centers on how short chromosomes can…

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Custom-made proteins may help create antibodies to fight HIV

A new way to create proteins that can sneak through HIV’s protective coating may be a step toward understanding the key components needed for developing a vaccine for the virus, according to researchers. Using computational modeling, a team of researchers led by Penn State designed and created proteins that mimicked different surface features of HIV.…

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New treatment offers potentially promising results for the possibility of slowing, stopping, or even reversing Parkinson’s disease

Amsterdam, NL, February 27, 2019 — A pioneering clinical trials program that delivered an experimental treatment directly to the brain offers hope that it may be possible to restore the cells damaged in Parkinson’s disease. The study investigated whether boosting the levels of a naturally-occurring growth factor, Glial Cell Line Derived Neurotrophic Factor (GDNF), can…

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How young adults experience pain affects self-injury, Rutgers study finds

Teen-agers and young adults who intentionally hurt themselves engage in such behavior based, in part, on how they experience pain and their emotional distress, according to a Rutgers study. The study, which examines physical pain in non-suicidal self-injuries, appeared online ahead of in print in the March 2019 issue of the journal Clinical Psychological Science.…

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Selma Blair Discusses Multiple Sclerosis, and Many Hear Their Own Story

The actress Selma Blair appeared at the Vanity Fair Oscar party on Sunday evening wearing a diaphanous Ralph & Russo gown and carrying a custom-made cane covered in black patent leather. It was her first public event since she announced in October her diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, a chronic and often disabling disease affecting the…

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