Precision medicine for pediatric cancer

Research performed over the last several decades has led to an increased understanding of the genetics of cancer. The clinical application of this knowledge for pediatric cancer has lagged behind studies performed for adults. In a perspectives article published in the prestigious journal Science, Dr. Jaclyn Biegel, from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, and Dr. Alejandro…

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Sweat holds most promise for noninvasive testing

IMAGE: The University of Cincinnati developed a sensor that stimulates sweat under a tiny patch even when its wearer is cool and resting. The sensor can provide the same information found… view more  Making a revolutionary biosensor takes blood, sweat and tears. And saliva, naturally. University of Cincinnati professor Jason Heikenfeld examined the potential of these…

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Dormant viruses activate during spaceflight — NASA investigates

Herpes viruses reactivate in more than half of crew aboard Space Shuttle and International Space Station missions, according to NASA research published in Frontiers in Microbiology. While only a small proportion develop symptoms, virus reactivation rates increase with spaceflight duration and could present a significant health risk on missions to Mars and beyond. NASA’s rapid…

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Diabetics more likely to experience high blood sugar after joint surgery

IMAGE: Bradford Waddell, MD, Hospital for Special Surgery view more  Credit: Hospital for Special Surgery People with diabetes who undergo joint replacement surgery are at sharply higher risk of experiencing elevated blood sugar after the operation, increasing their chances of developing infections and other complications, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special…

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Enzyme USP15 may have potential role in future treatment of various cancers

WASHINGTON (March 15, 2019) — Researchers at the George Washington University (GW) Cancer Center found that the enzyme USP15 could potentially lead to new treatments for breast and pancreatic cancer. Their findings were published in Nature Communications. «With this study, we validate the role of USP15 in maintaining genome stability and tumor suppression and inform…

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With single gene insertion, blind mice regain sight

IMAGE: Adeno-associated viruses (AAV) engineered to target specific cells in the retina can be injected directly into the vitreous of the eye to deliver genes more precisely than can be done… view more  It was surprisingly simple. University of California, Berkeley, scientists inserted a gene for a green-light receptor into the eyes of blind mice and,…

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How Big Tobacco Hooked Children on Sugary Drinks

Image What do these ads featuring Joe Camel, Kool-Aid Man and the maniacal mascot for Hawaiian Punch have in common? All three were created by Big Tobacco in the decades when cigarette makers, seeking to diversify their holdings, acquired some of America’s iconic beverage brands. They used their expertise in artificial flavor, coloring and marketing…

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