New study raises hopes of eradication of malaria

After major global successes in the battle against malaria, the positive trend stalled around 2015 — apart from in Zanzibar in East Africa, where only a fraction of the disease remains. In a new study published in BMC Medicine, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden explain why this was and show that new strategies are…

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Mouse studies show ‘inhibition’ theory of autism wrong

A detailed study of four mouse models of autism challenges the most common assumption about what goes wrong in brain circuits to cause disease symptoms. The major hypothesis today — one supported by many animal studies — has been that neurons in the autistic brain receive too little inhibition or too much excitation, which causes…

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How concussions may lead to epilepsy

VIDEO: This is video with a 3D reconstructed confocal image of reactive astrogliosis in the cortex of a mouse following diffuse traumatic brain injury. GFP — green; GFAP — red; Dapi — blue. view more  Researchers have identified a cellular response to repeated concussions that may contribute to seizures in mice like those observed following traumatic…

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Implantable device curbs seizures and improves cognition in epileptic rats

IMAGE: GDNF releasing cells reduce epilepsy induced cell death. In a normal hippocampus (A) no overt sign of cell death can be observed, whereas many dying cells (stained in green) are… view more  A protein-secreting device implanted into the hippocampus of epileptic rats reduces seizures by 93 percent in three months, finds preclinical research published in…

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Mice pass on brain benefits of enriched upbringing to offspring

IMAGE: Figure 1. Ocular dominance (OD)-plasticity is preserved in primary visual cortex (V1) of old enriched environment (EE)-mice view more  Mice growing up in a basic cage maintain lifelong visual cortex plasticity if their parents were raised in an environment that promoted social interaction and physical and mental stimulation, according to a multigenerational study published in…

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Delaying newborn baths increases rates of breastfeeding

VIDEO: Cleveland Clinic study finds delaying newborn baths increases rates of breastfeeding view more  Monday, Jan. 21, 2019, Cleveland: While it has been standard practice for decades to whisk newborns off to a bath within the first few hours of their birth, a new Cleveland Clinic study found that waiting to bathe a healthy newborn 12…

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Youthful cognitive ability strongly predicts mental capacity later in life

Early adult general cognitive ability (GCA) — the diverse set of skills involved in thinking, such as reasoning, memory and perception — is a stronger predictor of cognitive function and reserve later in life than other factors, such as higher education, occupational complexity or engaging in late-life intellectual activities, report researchers in a new study…

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Unexpected link found between feeding and memory brain areas

IMAGE: Dr. Zheng Sun view more  Credit: Baylor College of Medicine The search for a mechanism that could explain how the protein complex NCOR1/2 regulates memory has revealed an unexpected connection between the lateral hypothalamus and the hippocampus, the feeding and the memory centers of the brain, respectively. The findings, which were published today in the…

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At least half of parents try non-evidence-based cold prevention methods for kids

IMAGE: Many parents still believe «folklore strategies » or use vitamins or supplements for cold prevention that are not scientifically supported. view more  Credit: C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health at the University of Michigan. ANN ARBOR, Mich. — Vitamin C to keep the germs away. Never go outside with wet hair. Stay…

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Cancer survivors face significant hardships related to medical bills

New research indicates that cancer survivors carry greater financial burdens related to medical debt payments and bills compared with individuals without a cancer history, with the greatest hardships in younger survivors. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study also found that among privately insured survivors, those who…

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