Eye changes from spaceflight compared to simulated weightlessness

What The Study Did: Some astronauts who fly long missions to the International Space Station experience eye changes. This study investigated whether the eye changes from the traditional spaceflight analog (an experience on earth meant to mimic spaceflight) of simulated weightlessness from 30 days of bed rest with head tilted down were similar to those experienced…

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Imaging to examine brain architecture association with mood, attentional symptoms

What The Study Did: Researchers looked at whether certain patterns of connectivity between specific regions of the brain in children at age 7 (measured by magnetic resonance imaging) were associated with later development of symptoms related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and major depressive disorder. To access the embargoed study: Visit our For The Media website at…

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Report links recommended physical activity levels to lower risk of seven cancers

A pooled analysis of nine prospective studies involving more than 750,000 adults finds that recommended amounts of leisure-time physical activity were linked to a lower risk for seven cancers, with several cancer types having a ‘dose/response’ relationship. The study was led by investigators at the National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Society, and the Harvard…

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Brain tumor organoids may be key to time-sensitive treatments for glioblastomas

PHILADELPHIA —Lab-grown brain organoids developed from a patient’s own glioblastoma, the most aggressive and common form of brain cancer, may hold the answers on how to best treat it. A new study in Cell from researchers at Penn Medicine showed how glioblastoma organoids could serve as effective models to rapidly test personalized treatment strategies. Glioblastoma…

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Gender norms affect attitudes towards gay men and lesbian women globally

Washington, DC — Gay men and lesbian women have often been the targets of prejudice and even violence in society. To better understand what shapes these attitudes and prejudices, Maria Laura Bettinsoli, Alexandra Suppes, and Jamie Napier (all New York University — Abu Dhabi) tested how beliefs about gender norms (expectations of society for how…

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Russia’s physical culture scene

Natalia Khorkina https://www.hse.ru/en/org/persons/65017 and Marina Lopatina, researchers with the HSE University Department of Applied Economics, examined how the level of physical activity among working Russians changed from 2011 to 2017. They analyzed the results of a survey of Russian men ages 25-60 and women ages 25-55 — who were either employees, self-employed or ran their…

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In vivo imaging of CREB dynamics: Coupling sensory experience to activity

Our brains have a remarkable knack for adaptability. Each and every day the neuronal connections within are constantly changing, molded by what we experience in our daily lives. The memories we make, information learned and skills we pick up spark this dynamic process, causing lasting changes to neuronal circuits. As the saying goes, experience is…

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Traffic Circles Are Everywhere in France. Not Everyone Is Happy.

ABBEVILLE, France — Every day, about 65,000 vehicles cruise through the center of Abbeville, passing by its Gothic church, City Hall and rows of red brick houses, with many drivers on their way to the English Channel about a dozen miles away. But they never stop for a red light. None exist in this town…

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