Illinois researchers are first to count growth factors in single cells

IMAGE: The breast cancer cells’ nuclei are illuminated (blue) by quantum dots and individual EGF growth factors appear as red spots. view more  Credit: University of Illinois Department of Bioengineering Whether healthy or diseased, human cells exhibit behaviors and processes that are largely dictated by growth factor molecules, which bind to receptors on the cells. For…

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Disability progression in multiple sclerosis linked to income, education

IMAGE: North Vancouver resident Marilyn Lenzen, who was diagnosed with MS nearly two decades ago, hopes that everyone with MS, regardless of their socioeconomic status, has access to the same lifestyle… view more  Credit: Courtesy Marilyn Lenzen Neighbourhood income and education level is associated with risk of disability progression in patients with multiple sclerosis, suggests new…

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Study explores the role of citrus peel in reducing gut inflammation

IMAGE: Professor Xiao, Clydesdale Scholar of Food Science, was named in 2018 among the world’s most highly cited researchers by Clarivate Analytics, owner of Web of Science. view more  Credit: UMass Amherst University of Massachusetts Amherst Professor Hang Xiao, Clydesdale Scholar of Food Science, has received a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health…

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Less burnout seen among US physicians, Stanford researcher says

The epidemic levels of physicians reporting burnout dropped modestly in 2017, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine, the Mayo Clinic and the American Medical Association. «Physicians remain at increased risk for burnout relative to workers in other fields, but there is some good news,» said Tait Shanafelt, MD,…

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Treatment to a T? Taking a ‘BiTE’ out of lung cancer

IMAGE: The team measured the T-lymphocyte cytotoxicity against tumor cell lines using a molecule that binds to both T lymphocytes and tumor cell lines. view more  Osaka, Japan — Immune cells called T cells are key components in the fight against cancer when it arises in the body. However, they sometimes struggle to recognize cancerous cells…

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Correct antibiotic dosing could preserve lung microbial diversity in cystic fibrosis

IMAGE: This illustration depicts a three-dimensional, computer-generated image of three multidrug-resistant, Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. P. aeruginosa is a typical pathogen in cystic fibrosis. view more  Credit: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — Medical Illustrator WASHINGTON-(Feb. 22, 2019)- Children and young adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) whose lung infections were treated with suboptimal doses of…

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New MRI sensor can image activity deep within the brain

CAMBRIDGE, MA — Calcium is a critical signaling molecule for most cells, and it is especially important in neurons. Imaging calcium in brain cells can reveal how neurons communicate with each other; however, current imaging techniques can only penetrate a few millimeters into the brain. MIT researchers have now devised a new way to image…

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Could blockchain ensure integrity of clinical trial data?

UC San Francisco researchers have created a proof-of-concept method for ensuring the integrity of clinical trials data with blockchain. The system creates an immutable audit trail that makes it easy to spot any tampering with results — such as making the treatment look more effective or diminishing side effects. «Everyone is talking about how blockchain…

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Sepsis Is a Common Cause of Hospital Deaths

Sepsis, a life-threatening response to infection, is a common cause of deaths in hospitals, according to a new report. The study looked at 568 people who had died in hospitals and whose average age was 70. More than half had sepsis, and it was the immediate cause of death for nearly 200 of them; another…

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Norman Orentreich, 96, Force Behind Hair Transplants, Dies

By the 1950s, men had been seeking — and failing to find — a remedy for hair loss since at least 1550 B.C., when doctors in ancient Egypt recommended anointing bald scalps with the fat of a Nubian ibex or a crushed black lizard boiled in oil. Then along came a young dermatologist named Norman…

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