Discovery could advance blood pressure treatments

IMAGE: Scientists who led the study on blood pressure genetics included (back row, from left) Adriana Hung, M.D., M.P.H., Todd Edwards, Ph.D., (front row, from left) Jacklyn Hellwege, Ph.D., Ayush Giri,… view more  Credit: Photo by Steve Green A team of Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers, working with the U.S. Department of Veteran’s Affairs (VA), has…

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Drought in Lesotho heightened HIV risk in girls

IMAGE: ICAP survey workers travel by horseback in rural Lesotho. New research finds drought conditions in the country heightened risk for HIV among adolescent girls. view more  Adolescent girls exposed to severe drought conditions in rural Lesotho had higher rates of HIV, according to a new study led by researchers at ICAP at Columbia University, a…

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ACR responds to CMS Medicare Part D and Medicare Advantage proposed rule

ATLANTA, GA — In comments submitted to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) expressed its continuing concern with a recent CMS policy allowing Medicare Advantage (MA) plans to utilize step therapy for Part B drugs. In the comment letter, rheumatology leaders urged the agency to establish safeguards…

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Analysis examines migraine’s link to higher stroke risk

Migraine with aura was associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, but a recent post-hoc analysis published in Headache reveals unexpected results suggesting that onset of such migraines before age 50 years is not associated with such risk. Later onset of migraine with aura was linked with…

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3D printing may help treat osteoarthritis

In a Journal of Orthopaedic Research study, scientists used 3D printing to repair bone in the joints of mini-pigs, an advance that may help to treat osteoarthritis in humans. Specifically, the investigators used 3D printing with a needle-array to generate articular cartilage and subchondral bone using constructs composed of mesenchymal stem cells derived from fat…

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Overprescribing of antidepressant medications may be common in elderly patients

In a Pharmacology Research & Perspectives study of individuals living in Olmsted County, Minnesota from 2005-2012, potential overprescribing of antidepressant medications occurred in nearly one-quarter of elderly residents. Potential antidepressant overprescribing was most likely in individuals residing in nursing homes; patients having a higher number of comorbid medical conditions; individuals who were outpatients; those taking…

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Do economic conditions affect pregnancy outcomes?

Economic downturn during early pregnancy was linked with modest increases in preterm birth in a Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology analysis. For the analysis, researchers examined a dataset of all singleton births in Michigan from 1990-2012. Each one percentage point increase in state unemployment in the first trimester of pregnancy was associated with a modest 3%…

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Study reveals bias in children even before they reach kindergarten

In a Developmental Science study of preschool-aged children, implicit and explicit evaluations of Black boys were less positive than evaluations of Black girls, White boys, or White girls. This «gendered racial bias» was exhibited by both White and non-White children and was not correlated with their exposure to diversity. It also mirrors social bias observed…

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