Free program on conducting scientific research without using laboratory animals

BALTIMORE—From June 22 to 25, students and early-career scientists will gather virtually for a free program of lectures, laboratory tours, interactive sessions, e-poster presentations, and virtual engagement with speakers and attendees on innovative methods to reduce and replace animal tests in toxicology and biomedical science. Originally planned to be hosted at Johns Hopkins University, the…

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Suicide mortality and COVID-19

What The Viewpoint Says: Reasons why U.S. suicide rates may rise in tandem with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are explained in this article that also describes opportunities to expand research and care. Authors: Mark A. Reger, Ph.D., of the VA Puget Sound Health Care System, and  Seattle, Washington; and the University of Washington in…

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Working together to combat mental health challenges during COVID-19 pandemic

What The Viewpoint Says: This article offers lessons from Hubei, China, on potential methods to focus on mental health during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Authors: Yu-Tao Xiang, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Macau in the Macao Special Administrative Region, China, is the corresponding author. To access the embargoed study: Visit our For The Media website…

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Large majority of Washington state’s heroin users want to reduce use

A new survey of people who inject illicit drugs in the state of Washington yields positive and important findings for policy makers as the world struggles to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, said authors of the survey by the University of Washington and Public Health-Seattle & King County. Most people — 82% ¬- who inject…

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Belgian scientists identify ATP10B as novel risk gene for Parkinson’s disease

Screening DNA of Parkinson’s patients in the Christine Van Broeckhoven laboratory (VIB-UAntwerpen Center for Molecular Neurology) identified a new risk gene for Parkinson’s disease. Mutations in ATP10B resulted in loss of ATP10B protein. The function of the ATP10B gene was revealed by the Peter Vangheluwe lab (KU Leuven, Laboratory of Cellular Transport Systems). They identified…

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FDA approves COVID-19 innovations; Ohio State Medical Center to share nationwide

The Food and Drug Administration has approved solutions created by scientists at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center that both expand and accelerate COVID-19 testing across Ohio. Health systems worldwide have struggled because of the critical shortage of test kit components, including the swabs used to collect samples and the sterile solution needed to…

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Psychology research: Vaccine skeptics actually think differently than other people

In 2000, the measles virus was declared eliminated from the United States. Despite cases coming in from outside the country, there were few outbreaks because most people were vaccinated against measles. And then 2019 happened. The U.S. saw 1,282 confirmed cases in 31 states — the greatest number reported since 1992, with nearly three-fourths linked…

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Hair surface engineering to be advanced by nano vehicles

«Hair surface engineering: modification of fibrous materials of biological origin using functional ceramic nano containers», a project headed by Rawil Fakhrullin, is supported by the Russian Science Foundation. Dr. Fakhrullin explains, «We will modify the surface of hair and other fibrous materials of natural origin by the directed formation of nano-structured layers based on functional…

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PARP inhibitor drugs can be ‘tuned’ for better killing of tumor cells

PHILADELPHIA—A prospective «PARP inhibitor» drug that has struggled to show effectiveness in clinical trials against cancers can be structurally modified to greatly increase its power to kill tumor cells, researchers from Penn Medicine report this week in Science. The team also showed that PARP inhibitor compounds can be «tuned» in the opposite way so that…

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RIT/NTID wins prize to create accessible books as part of global reading initiative

Rochester Institute of Technology’s National Technical Institute for the Deaf is one of four international innovators selected to create cost-effective packages of high-quality accessible children’s books in languages children use and understand. The initiative, from All Children Reading: A Grand Challenge for Development and the Global Book Alliance’s Begin With Books, enables the prize winners…

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