Adolescents are more likely than adults to use fruit- and candy-flavored e-cigarettes

IMAGE: Adolescent and young-adult e-cigarette users report tempting e-juice flavors as a leading reason for use. They are more interested in experimenting with fruit-, candy-, or menthol-flavored e-cigarettes than with tobacco-flavored,… view more  Credit: Norris Cotton Cancer Center LEBANON, NH — E-cigarettes were initially intended as a smoking cessation tool, yet vaping has skyrocketed among kids…

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Gene behind long-recognized mitochondrial disease has highly varied effects

Philadelphia, March 12, 2019—For more than two decades, mutations in a gene located in the DNA of mitochondria have been classified as a mitochondrial disease and linked to a particular set of symptoms. However, according to new findings from researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), mutations in this gene, which encodes an essential part…

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Movie technology inspires wearable liquid unit that aims to harvest energy

IMAGE: A Purdue University team created wearable technology to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. view more  Credit: Wenzhuo Wu/Purdue University WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. — A fascination with movie technology that showed robots perform self-repair through a liquid formula inspired a Purdue University professor to make his own discoveries — which are now helping to lead…

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Two papers describe how a membrane protein can move both lipids and ions

IMAGE: Schematic drawing of the transmembrane portion of TMEM16 family proteins. Upper panel shows a scramblase, in closed (nonconductive) intermediate (ion conduction) and open (lipid exchange) configuration. The lower panel shows… view more  Credit: C. Paulino, University of Groningen The TMEM16 family of membrane proteins was hailed as representing the elusive calcium-activated chloride channels. However, the…

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PolyU establishes an alliance with eight institutions to advance research in nursing

IMAGE: Group photo of the representatives of the participating institutions after the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding. view more  Credit: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with eight participating universities / institutions in the Greater Bay Area (GBA) to establish The Nursing Alliance…

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IU School of Medicine researchers develop groundbreaking test for PTSD

IMAGE: Dr. Alexander Niculescu and researchers in the Department of Psychiatry at Indiana University School of Medicine have developed a new blood test for PTSD. view more  Credit: Indiana University School of Medicine A cutting-edge blood test discovered by Indiana University School of Medicine researchers could help more accurately diagnose military veterans and other people experiencing…

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BAT’s novel vaping product shows minimal toxicity in laboratory tests

A series of in vitro toxicology tests provide evidence that British American Tobacco’s novel vaping product produces greatly reduced mutagenicity, cytotoxicity and effects on wound healing as compared to cigarette smoke. Scientists at BAT carried out tests to characterise the biological impact of a prototype e-cigarette. The tests assessed and compared the mutagenicity, genotoxicity, cytotoxicity…

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Teachers ‘scarred’ by legacy of 1988 anti-LGBT+ law

LGBT+ teachers who taught in schools during the late 1980s and 1990s remain scarred by the effects of Section 28 of the Local Government Act in England — a piece of legislation introduced in 1988 banning the «promotion» of homosexuality in schools — according to new research published in the journal Sex Education. The legislation…

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