Chemical innovation by relatives of the ice cream bean explains tropical biodiversity

IMAGE: Inga acuminata leaves damaged by plant-eating insects. New results published in Science by Dale Forrister, doctoral student at the University of Utah, suggest that, during the sapling stage of tropical… view more  Credit: Steve Paton, Smithsonian Tropical Research Constant pressure from hungry insects forces plants to innovate: producing new chemicals to protect themselves. This is…

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Green tea cuts obesity, health risks in mice

COLUMBUS, Ohio — Green tea cut obesity and a number of inflammatory biomarkers linked with poor health in a new study. Mice fed a diet of 2 percent green tea extract fared far better than those that ate a diet without it, a finding that has prompted an upcoming study of green tea’s potential benefits…

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Non-invasive imaging technique valid for identifying small airway disease in lung

IMAGE: In a landmark study, an international team led by Michigan Medicine confirms the ability of non-invasive imaging to identify early signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). view more  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an inflammatory disease of the small airways in the lungs, affects 16 million Americans and is the fourth leading cause of…

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Speed limit on DNA-making sets pace for life’s first steps

IMAGE: Images from a scanning electron microscope show the midline of the mutant fly (below) go sideways at morphogensis, just as the embryo begins to take shape. Compare that to the… view more  Credit: Images courtesy Stanislav Y. Shvartsman Fruit flies make for stingy mothers, imparting only a portion of the genetic building blocks their offspring…

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More vitamin D may improve memory but too much may slow reaction time

IMAGE: How much vitamin D can boost memory, learning and decision-making in older adults, and how much is too much? A unique Rutgers-led study found that overweight and obese older women… view more  Credit: Sue Shapses/Rutgers University-New Brunswick How much vitamin D can boost memory, learning and decision-making in older adults, and how much is too…

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Blood diseases cured with bone marrow transplant

Doubling the low amount of total body radiation delivered to patients undergoing bone marrow transplants with donor cells that are only «half-matched» increased the rate of engraftment from only about 50 percent to nearly 100 percent, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers. The findings, published online Mar. 13 in The Lancet Haematology,…

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When is best time to get flu shot? Analysis compares scenarios

PITTSBURGH, March 14, 2019 — When flu season peaks after mid-winter, tens of thousands of influenza cases and hundreds of deaths can likely be avoided if older adults wait until October to get their flu immunization, a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine analysis reveals in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive…

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Using 3D models to reduce side effects of radiotherapy

IMAGE: This is UniSA bioengineer Dr Chih-Tsung Yang pictured with the microfluidic cell culture chip in the foreground. view more  Credit: Joe Vittorio The debilitating side effects of radiotherapy could soon be a thing of the past thanks to a breakthrough by University of South Australia (UniSA) and Harvard University researchers. UniSA biomedical engineer Professor Benjamin…

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NSF International and NEHA to host Legionella Conference 2019

NSF International and the National Environmental Health Association (NEHA) are inviting experts and researchers in public health, sustainability, water management systems and academic communities to share oral and poster presentations at the Legionella Conference 2019, to be held Sept. 11-13 at the Westin Bonaventure Hotel in Los Angeles. The second annual Legionella Conference, Building Water…

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