Cilostazol-combo antiplatelet therapy reduced risk for recurrent stroke

HONOLULU, Feb. 6, 2019 — Stroke survivors taking a combination of the blood thinner cilostazol with aspirin or clopidogrel had a lower risk of ischemic stroke recurrence than those who received aspirin or clopidogrel alone, according to late breaking science presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2019, a world premier meeting for…

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Microbial manufacturing

For decades, scientists and doctors have known that bacteria in soil were capable of manufacturing streptozotocin, an antibiotic compound that is also an important treatment for certain types of pancreatic cancer. What was less clear, however, was exactly how bacteria managed to do it. Led by Emily Balskus, Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, a…

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Certain characteristics linked with depression before and after giving birth

Depression during pregnancy and following childbirth (perinatal depression) is a common and potentially severe condition. In a Journal of Neuroscience Research study, researchers examined subgroups of women followed from pregnancy to six months postpartum, for example comparing those with depression only after childbirth with those experiencing depression during pregnancy. Several characteristics were associated with depression…

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Are most patients with fibromyalgia misdiagnosed?

Recent studies have suggested that most people who have been diagnosed with fibromyalgia by physicians may not actually have the condition. A new Arthritis Care & Research study found that overall agreement between clinicians’ diagnosis of fibromyalgia and diagnosis by published criteria is only fair. For the study, 497 patients visiting a rheumatology clinic completed…

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Maternal depression and natural disaster-related stress may affect infants’ temperament

A new Infant Mental Health Journal study demonstrates that prenatal maternal depression has important consequences for infant temperament. Furthermore, the negative impact of prenatal maternal depression appeared to be magnified when pregnant women lived through Superstorm Sandy. The study analyzed data on 310 mother-child dyads, with 64 percent of women being pregnant prior to Sandy…

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Workplace sexism’s effects on women’s mental health and job satisfaction

IMAGE: A new Journal of Applied Social Psychology study investigates the associations between workplace sexism, sense of belonging at work, mental health, and job satisfaction for women in male-dominated industries…. view more  Credit: Dr. Mark Rubin A new Journal of Applied Social Psychology study investigates the associations between workplace sexism, sense of belonging at work, mental…

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The interplay between relationships, stress, and sleep

A new Personal Relationships study documents how the quality of a person’s romantic relationship and the life stress he or she experiences at two key points in early adulthood (at age 23 and 32) are related to sleep quality and quantity in middle adulthood (at age 37). Investigators found that people who have positive relationship…

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Combination treatment, diabetes drug and immunotherapy, may help to fight breast cancer

IMAGE: Left: Untreated patient breast cancer tissue was grown in three-dimensional culture. Right: Cancer tissue was treated with BCL-2 inhibitor and antidiabetic drug. Green color indicates the cancer cells, and red… view more  MYC, a gene with high cancer-initiating potential, is overexpressed in over 40% of breast cancers. While MYC programs breast cancer cells to build…

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Major tobacco companies pay almost no corporation tax despite massive profits

The world’s four major tobacco companies — two of which have HQs in the UK — are paying minimal UK corporation tax despite enormous reported profits, according to findings from new research published in the Journal of Public Health. The study, authored by researchers at the University of Bath, suggests that the UK needs far…

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