Poor sight causes people to overstep the mark

People with vision impairment are more cautious when stepping over obstacles when walking — but increase their risk of falls, according to a new study published in the journal Scientific Reports. Researchers at Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) asked participants with simulated blurred vision to negotiate a 10cm-high obstacle on the floor under increasing time pressure.…

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Dense breast notifications are having little impact

(Boston)—Dense Breast Notifications (DBNs) are having little impact. DBNs are a written notification to a woman after a mammogram that her breasts are dense. The goal is to motivate her speak with her doctor about her personal risk and possibly obtain supplemental screening for breast cancer. DBNs are mandated legislatively in more than 35 states…

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Long-acting contraception has proven highly effective but is restricted by some hospitals

AURORA, Colo. (Dec. 17, 2019) — Long-acting reversible contraceptives like intrauterine implants have greatly reduced unintended pregnancies and abortions, but government protections allowing religious hospitals to restrict care are limiting access to health care consumers, according to an expert at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. The commentary was published this month in the…

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A closer look at the diabetes disaster

In Belize, where diabetes is rampant, patients need insulin every day to maintain proper blood sugar levels. But if people lack electricity or a refrigerator, they cannot store insulin at home. Medical advice pamphlets encourage such patients to keep their insulin in the refrigerators at small corner grocery stores instead. And so, in some cases,…

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Sexual harassment may be reduced at fun work events, study finds

UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — The office holiday party loses its luster in light of new study findings from researchers at Penn State and Ohio State demonstrating that incidences of unwanted sexual attention are increased at these and other «fun» work events. This sexual harassment may be reduced, however, when these events are held during normal…

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Screen could offer better safety tests for new chemicals

CAMBRIDGE, MA — It’s estimated that there are approximately 80,000 industrial chemicals currently in use, in products such as clothing, cleaning solutions, carpets, and furniture. For the vast majority of these chemicals, scientists have little or no information about their potential to cause cancer. The detection of DNA damage in cells can predict whether cancer…

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New metrics needed to evaluate and combat HIV epidemics in the US

A new peer-reviewed commentary published in the January issue of the American Journal of Public Health argues for new metrics to evaluate the public health response to HIV in the United States. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has announced plans to reduce the number of new HIV infections by 75 percent…

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Weight gain during period: What to know

Hormone levels fluctuate throughout the 28-day menstrual cycle. These changes can affect a person’s appetite and may also lead to fluid retention. Both factors can lead to perceived or actual weight gain around the time of a period. This article describes why a person may gain weight during a period, and how to prevent it.…

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N.J. Lawmakers Plan to Pass One of U.S.’s Strictest Pro-Vaccine Laws

The New Jersey Legislature was on the verge of passing one of the strictest vaccine laws in the nation on Monday, which would end religious exemptions to vaccine requirements for students enrolled in any day care, school or college, public or private. The hotly contested bill, which comes on the heels of a measles outbreak…

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