Researchers find new genetic information behind urogenital track anomalies

About one in every 100 babies is born with some kind of developmental anomaly in the urogenital tract. In most cases abnormalities are mild, but sometimes life-long and even life-threatening disease develops. Infertility is another important aspect that associates with urogenital anomalies. Therefore understanding how those features occur is instrumental in developing future treatments. To…

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ERC Advanced Grant for Thomas Rudel

IMAGE: Thomas Rudel, holder of the Chair of Microbiology at the Biocenter of the University of Würzburg. view more  Credit: (Photo: Robert Emmerich / JMUW) Chlamydia is the main cause of venereal diseases in Germany. These sexually transmitted bacteria can cause inflammations in the urogenital tract. If they are detected at an early stage, the pathogens…

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Super berries power up porridge

Diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer and coronary heart disease are more prevalent than ever due to hectic and unhealthy lifestyles. Consequently, the demand for healthy, disease-preventing superfoods is on the rise among health-conscious consumers. This shift towards healthier behavior and the focus on the prevention of diseases has contributed to the emergence of…

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Screw-shaped bird sperm swim faster — but it comes at a cost

IMAGE: The helical sperm of the bluethroat (Luscinia svecica). view more  Credit: Hanna Støstad The research was part of the thesis of PhD student Hanna Nyborg Støstad, investigating the peculiar spiral shape of songbird sperm. Støstad compared sperm cells of 36 bird species, from house sparrows to tree swallows, and found that species whose sperm had…

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Defining the emotional bond forced onto teen victims of sex trafficking

Rutgers researchers have defined the relationship that forms between children who are sold for sex and the criminals who traffic them. The discovery should make it easier for law enforcement and healthcare providers to identify child victims, rescue them and help them reenter society. About 1 million children are victims of sex trafficking worldwide. The…

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Going with the flow: How fecal bacteria spread in streams

IMAGE: Livestock farming is one way how fecal bacteria get into soil and water bodies. view more  Credit: Doerthe Tetzlaff Faecal bacteria — bacteria that are present in the digestive system of humans and animals — are known to contaminate waters. They can sometimes be a health hazard. Little research has been conducted into the spread…

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Can human breast milk reduce intestinal injury following bone marrow transplant?

IMAGE: Breastfeeding Medicine presents evidence-based research advances and explores the immediate and long-term outcomes of breastfeeding, including the epidemiologic, physiologic, and psychological benefits of breastfeeding. view more  Credit: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers New Rochelle, NY, April 4, 2019—A new pilot study compared the use of human breast milk to formula in children less than 5…

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Researchers determine how a major tumor suppressor pathway becomes deactivated

(Boston)—The Hippo pathway is an important biological tumor suppressor program that controls cell growth and organ size in humans. Cancer cells have been found to frequently deactivate Hippo signaling in order to achieve increased cell growth and become more aggressive. However, how the Hippo pathway becomes deregulated in human cancers is still poorly understood. Researchers…

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How to use coconut oil for vaginal dryness

Coconut oil is a popular natural option for relieving vaginal dryness. Some studies suggest that coconut oil is safe to use on the skin, and it is an effective moisturizer. Many people use vaginal moisturizers or lubricants to help ease vaginal discomfort and to make intercourse more comfortable. A 2014 study involving 1,021 women found…

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