Opioid addiction treatment in teens focus of new project

HERSHEY, Pa. — Substance use disorders continue to rise at alarming rates among adolescents, with opioid abuse contributing to this significant public health problem. A Penn State researcher and his team will receive over $1.8 million over three years from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to investigate how opioid use is treated in adolescence.…

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A dust-up: Microbes interact with harmful chemicals in dust

COLUMBUS, Ohio—The dust that settles throughout our homes and offices almost always contains bits of chemicals that can cause problems for the human endocrine system, scientists say. But a new study indicates that the microbes we track into buildings—the microscopic bacteria and other microorganisms that thrive on our skin and outdoors—can help break those chemicals…

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Novel strategy hits ‘reset button’ for disease-causing genetic duplications

WORCESTER — Scientists at UMass Medical School have developed a strategy for editing and repairing a particular type of genetic mutation associated with microduplications using CRISPR/Cas9 and a seldom-used DNA repair pathway. Described in Nature, this approach to programmable gene editing overcomes prior inefficiencies in gene correction. «It’s like hitting the reset button,» said Scot…

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Sexual behavior may influence gut microbiome

AURORA, Colo. (April 10, 2019) — A person’s sexual behavior could affect their microbiome and immune system, potentially elevating their risk of HIV infection, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. The study was published last week in the journal PLOS Pathogens. The microbiome, a community of…

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Adenosine kinase deficiency makes liver more susceptible to carcinogen

IMAGE: Journal of Caffeine and Adenosine Research is the first and only journal dedicated to the rapidly advancing field of caffeine and adenosine signaling research. view more  Credit: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers New Rochelle, NY, April 9, 2019-A new study has shown that reduced adenosine kinase expression (ADK) in the liver can make it more…

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Research shows evidence of impulsive behavior in nonsuicidal self-injury

Are young adults who harm themselves more at risk for suicide? New research suggests there could be a connection under specific conditions associated with negative emotions. Kenneth J.D. Allen, Ph.D., a postdoctoral research fellow in the Psychosocial Research Program at Butler Hospital and the Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior at The Warren Alpert Medical…

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VA’s process for determining TBI in veterans seeking disability compensation examined in new report

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) should expand the requirement in its disability compensation process regarding who can diagnose traumatic brain injury (TBI) to include any health care professional with pertinent and ongoing brain injury training and experience, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and…

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Atrium Health, Wake Forest Baptist Health and Wake Forest University make announcement

CHARLOTTE, N.C., & WINSTON-SALEM, N.C., April 10, 2019 — Atrium Health, Wake Forest Baptist Health and Wake Forest University today announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding to create a next-generation academic healthcare system. This enables three visionary healthcare organizations to invest in the health and well-being of people throughout the region, as well…

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ClinEpiDB data resource releases childhood malnutrition and intestinal disease study

VIDEO: An introduction to ClinEpiDB, a resource for researchers to access and explore a vast selection of data from global epidemiological studies. Hosted at the University of Pennsylvania, ClinEpiDB has recently… view more  As the big data revolution continues to evolve, access to data that cut across many disciplines becomes increasingly valuable. In the field of…

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