Mosquito control program reduces dengue, costs in Sri Lanka

A public health, police, and military partnership to reduce the mosquito population in Sri Lanka resulted in a more than 50-percent reduction in dengue, as well as cost savings, finds a study from an international team of researchers led by NYU College of Global Public Health. The findings are published in The Lancet Planetary Health.…

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Safe consumption spaces would be welcomed by high-risk opioid users

A large majority of people who use heroin and fentanyl would be willing to use safe consumption spaces where they could obtain sterile syringes and have medical support in case of overdose, suggests a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. In the study, published June 5 in the…

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UA physician to study sleep apnea and heart health

IMAGE: Salma Patel, M.D., M.P.H., an assistant professor and sleep medicine specialist in the UA Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, has won a $100,000 Career Development Award… view more  Credit: UA Health Sciences TUCSON, Ariz. — Obstructive sleep apnea is a common condition that has been associated with increased mortality, especially in…

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A pluralistic approach to thinking about the human microbiome

In «The Conceptual Ecology of the Human Microbiome,» published in the June 2019 issue of The Quarterly Review of Biology, Nicolae Morar and Brendan J. M. Bohannan examine in detail the different metaphors scientists use to describe the human microbiome. Because it appears that each view has both advantages and disadvantages, the authors suggest the…

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Study: New drug regimens improve outcomes for kidney transplant patients

IMAGE: BEST trial investigators E. Steve Woodle, M.D., and Rita Alloway, Pharm.D., both of the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. view more  CINCINNATI (June 5, 2019) — Preliminary results from a $5.2 million clinical trial led by University of Cincinnati researchers show that the immunosuppressive drug belatacept can help safely and effectively treat kidney transplant…

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To see how invading predators change an ecosystem, watch the prey, say researchers

IMAGE: To study the impacts of invading predators, a research team led by Princeton’s Rob Pringle used three lizard species: one predator, the curly-tailed lizard (Leiocephalus carinatus, bottom left), and two… view more  Credit: Jonathan Losos, Washington University (bottom right) and Kiyoko Gotanda, McGill University (bottom left and top) Invading predators can devastate an ecosystem. In…

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Replicating fetal bone growth process could help heal large bone defects

VIDEO: 3D reconstructions of regenerated bone at week 12 in stiff, early, or delayed loading conditions, respectively. view more  To treat large gaps in long bones, like the femur, which result from bone tumor removal or a shattering trauma, researchers at Penn Medicine and the University of Illinois at Chicago developed a process that partially recreates…

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Smaller city effort to aid chronically homeless can be successful

Creating a municipally funded team to provide intensive services to chronically homeless people who use a large amount of public services can help the individuals get off the streets, while also reducing spending on services such as police services and emergency medical care, according to a new RAND Corporation study. Examining a program aimed at…

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Molecular bait can help hydrogels heal wounds

IMAGE: Rice University graduate student Jason Guo fills a mold with bioactive hydrogel. Injectable hydrogels can be enhanced with biomolecules and mixed at room temperature to help heal a variety of… view more  Credit: Jeff Fitlow/Rice University Like fishermen, Rice University bioengineers are angling for their daily catch. But their bait, biomolecules in a hydrogel scaffold,…

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50 Years Later, What We Forgot About Stonewall

It’s L.G.B.T.Q. Pride Month, and you’re reading In Her Words. With every edition for the next four weeks, we’ll be sharing a little history about the events or people that shaped L.G.B.T.Q. rights. Sign up here to get In Her Words delivered to your inbox. Let me know what you think at dearmaya@nytimes.com. “As long…

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