Study identifies how Enterococcus faecalis bacteria causes antibiotic resistant infection

A new study led by a research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Harvard Medical School describes how bacteria adapted to the modern hospital environment and repeatedly cause antibiotic-resistant bloodstream infections. Infections acquired by hospitalized patients are more often antibiotic-resistant than those that occur elsewhere, and hospitals invest considerable effort to prevent them. Despite…

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Vitamin D study sheds light on immune system effects

VIDEO: Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have uncovered fresh insights into how vitamin D affects the immune system. They found it prevents key cells called dendritic cells and T cells… view more  Scientists have uncovered fresh insights into how vitamin D affects the immune system and might influence susceptibility to diseases such as multiple sclerosis.…

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Finding the key to flightlessness

Since Darwin’s era, scientists have wondered how flightless birds like emus, ostriches, kiwi, cassowaries and others are related, and for decades the assumption was that they must all share a common ancestor who abandoned the skies for a more grounded life. By the early 2000s, new research using genetic tools upended that story, and instead…

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NRG Oncology awarded NCI funding for next 6 years, receives ‘exceptional’ score

NRG Oncology, a National Cancer Institute (NCI) National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN) group conducting practice-changing clinical and translational research, has been awarded funding of over $95 Million by the NCI for the next six years to continue its work as a lead protocol organization (LPO) program. During the peer review grant renewal process, NRG Oncology…

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Features that make lizards sexy are resilient to stress

IMAGE: The blue and black badges on a male lizard’s chin and abdomen help attract potential mates and fend off competitors. A new study by researchers at Penn State reveals that… view more  Credit: Tracy Langkilde, Penn State Physical traits and behaviors that make a lizard sexy—features used to attract potential mates and fend off competitors—may…

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A ‘virtual’ view with a little bit of math

IMAGE: Marjorie Skubic, left, Giovanna Guidoboni and a team at the University of Missouri are currently working to develop a standardized model to interpret the results of a ballistocardiogram that could… view more  Every heart beat sends blood flowing throughout the human body. While an electrocardiogram uses a contact approach to measure the electrical activity of…

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Scientists enter research collaboration to outsmart cancer

Wednesday, April 17, 2019 — Cancer is a disease that afflicts an alarming number of people, with one in two being diagnosed with a type of cancer during their lifetime. The global cancer burden has risen to 18.1 million people in 2018, which makes cancer one of the leading causes of death worldwide. While clinical…

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F.D.A. Halts U.S. Sales of Pelvic Mesh, Citing Safety Concerns for Women

The Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday ordered the two remaining medical device companies selling surgical mesh for the repair of pelvic organ prolapse to stop all sales and distribution in the United States. It is the most stringent action the F.D.A. has taken in the lengthy legal and medical battles over vaginal mesh, a…

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