An often-made claim that e-cigarettes are ‘95% safer’ is not valid

The frequently cited claim that e-cigarettes are «95% less risky» or «95% less harmful» than combustible cigarettes is outdated, misleading and invalid — and should no longer be made in discussions on the dangers of vaping, according to an editorial published today in the American Journal of Public Health by six leading experts on e-cigarettes…

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Probability of dying from road injury has dropped worldwide in all but 5 nations

SEATTLE — Road injuries have become more frequent but less fatal over the past three decades, according to a new scientific study. The probability of dying from a road accident increased in only five nations since 1990 — Central African Republic, Jamaica, Somalia, Swaziland, and United Arab Emirates. Disability from road injuries is multifactorial, and…

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In health care, does ‘hotspotting’ make patients better?

The new health care practice of «hotspotting» — in which providers identify very high-cost patients and attempt to reduce their medical spending while improving care — has virtually no impact on patient outcomes, according to a new study led by MIT economists. The finding underscores the challenge of reducing spending on «superutilizers» of health care,…

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Study: Early intervention of hyperkalemia cuts mortality in half

STONY BROOK, NY, January 8, 2020 — In a new study published in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine, Adam Singer, MD, et al reported that quickly correcting high potassium levels, a condition known as hyperkalemia, in emergency department patients cut mortality in that population by half. In the study, Singer, professor and vice chair…

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This drug could save their lives, but less than 2% of them get it

Only a tiny minority of people at risk for an opioid overdose actually are prescribed a drug that could save their lives, a new study suggests. And the odds of having a dose of the rescue drug were very low among some of the most at-risk groups, including those who had already survived a previous…

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Marijuana detected in homicide victims nearly doubles

January 8, 2020 — Researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health assessed the time trends in alcohol and marijuana detected in homicide victims and found that the prevalence of marijuana almost doubled, increasing from 22 percent in 2004 to 42 percent in 2016. Alternately, the prevalence of alcohol declined slightly from 40 percent…

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Penn study paves way for new vaccines to protect infants against infections

PHILADELPHIA—A new Penn Medicine study puts researchers within closer reach of vaccines that can protect infants against infections by overcoming a mother’s antibodies, which are known to shut down immune defenses initiated by conventional vaccines. That hurdle largely explains why vaccinations for infectious diseases like influenza and measles not given until six to 12 months…

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Shifting clinic culture to address the opioid epidemic

For the 20 percent of Americans who suffer from chronic pain, prescription opioids may bring relief, but also risks. An estimated 21 to 29 percent of patients who receive chronic opioid treatment will misuse their medications, and 8 to 12 percent will develop an opioid use disorder. Tufts researchers believe that changing the way clinics…

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Medical News Today: What to know about PMS and depression

If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) encompasses a range of potential physical and emotional symptoms in the weeks leading up to menses (the period). Some females are more likely to experience physical symptoms, whereas others may be likelier to…

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Ken Friedman of the Spotted Pig Will Pay $240,000 in Sexual Harassment Case

Ken Friedman, the principal owner of the Spotted Pig restaurant in Manhattan, has agreed to pay $240,000 and a share of his profits to 11 former employees who have accused him of sexual harassment, retaliation and discrimination, as part of a settlement brokered by the New York State attorney general’s office. The office investigated the…

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