AGA recommends bidirectional endoscopy for most patients with iron deficiency anemia

Bethesda, MD (September 1, 2020) — The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) published new clinical guidelines outlining an evidence-based approach for the initial gastrointestinal evaluation of chronic iron deficiency anemia in asymptomatic patients. Iron deficiency anemia is extremely common worldwide, and a gastrointestinal cause should be considered in all patients without an obvious cause for their…

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Yale trial addresses health disparities in alcohol treatment

Yale researchers are completing a first-of-its-kind clinical trial to test the efficacy of an automated bilingual alcohol screening and intervention tool for use in emergency departments (EDs). The computerized tool, administered to English- and Spanish-speaking Latino patient volunteers, is designed to address health disparities in the treatment of alcohol use disorders. Previous studies show…

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Estrogen replacement may protect against Alzheimer’s disease in women

Biological sex influences the effect of amyloid beta on alterations to tau protein characteristic to Alzheimer’s disease, suggesting a role for estradiol in preventing the disease in women, report scientists in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Amsterdam, September 1, 2020-Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and the leading cause of dementia. It…

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Surgical backlog in Ontario from COVID-19 will take 84 weeks to clear

The estimated time to clear surgeries postponed in Ontario because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is 84 weeks, with a target of 717 surgeries per week, according to a new modelling study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). «The magnitude of the surgical backlog from COVID-19 raises important implications for planning for the…

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Scientists identify promising new ALS drug candidates

Scientists have taken a significant step forward in the search to find effective new drug candidates for the treatment of motor neurone disease. Researchers from the Universities of Liverpool (UK) and Nagoya (Japan) have shown that a Selenium-based drug-molecule called ebselen and a number of other novel compounds developed at Liverpool can change many of…

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Study tracks human milk nutrients in infant microbiome

ITHACA, N.Y. — A new study in mice helps explain why gut microbiomes of breastfed infants can differ greatly from those of formula-fed infants. The study, «Dietary Sphinganine Is Selectively Assimilated by Members of the Mammalian Gut Microbiome,» was published in July in the Journal of Lipid Research. Sphinganine from milk Johnson Lab/Provided A new…

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Mobile e-shredding may pose risks for workers: bu study

First-ever study of electronic waste shredding trucks shows the need for better safety guidelines. A new Boston University School of Public Health study published in Annals of Work Exposure and Health is the first to evaluate the exposures faced by workers in mobile e-shredding, a new service to securely destroy hard drives, laptops, and other…

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Minimal SARS-CoV-2 diversity suggests a global vaccine is feasible

Genetic analysis of sequences from more than 27,000 individuals infected with the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 reveals that the virus has mutated minimally since December 2019, suggesting one vaccine would be sufficient to combat global infections. The study was conducted by a team of scientists from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research led by…

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An Inviting Brooklyn Tasting Room for New York Wines

Hound’s Tree of Mattituck, N.Y., in Long Island’s North Fork wine country, has opened an inviting tasting room attached to its new working winery in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. It’s worth a visit, even if it means sipping socially distanced outdoors, for one of the best New York State and especially Long Island wine lists you’re likely…

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