Bariatric surgery can be safe and effective for adolescents

IMAGE: Ahmed Khattab, a physician at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School’s Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, led the study that found bariatric surgery can be used for adolescent patients who meet… view more  Pediatricians are often reluctant to recommend bariatric surgery for teen-agers, but a Rutgers-led study concludes it is a justifiable treatment for adolescents with…

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Study reveals structure of a ‘master switch’ controlling cell division

Unregulated cell division is a hallmark of cancer, and one of the key proteins involved in controlling cell division is called FoxM1. Abnormal activation of FoxM1 is a common feature of cancer cells and is correlated with poor prognosis, metastasis, and resistance to chemotherapy. Now researchers at UC Santa Cruz have determined the structure of…

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Fewer than 60% of young women diagnosed with STIs in emergency departments fill scripts

IMAGE: This is Monika K. Goyal, M.D., MSCE, assistant chief of Children’s Division of Emergency Medicine and Trauma Services and the study’s senior author. view more  Credit: Children’s National WASHINGTON — Fewer than 60% of young women diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the emergency department fill prescriptions for antimicrobial therapy to treat these conditions,…

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Synthetic version of CBD treats seizures in rats

IMAGE: CBD from extracts of cannabis or hemp plants could be used to treat epilepsy and other conditions. UC Davis chemists have come up with a way to make a synthetic… view more  A synthetic, non-intoxicating analogue of cannabidiol (CBD) is effective in treating seizures in rats, according to research by chemists at the University of…

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New genetic engineering strategy makes human-made DNA invisible

IMAGE: This new genetic engineering tool opens up the possibilities for research on bacteria that haven’t been well studied before. view more  Credit: Image courtesy of Peter Hoey. Bacteria are everywhere. They live in the soil and water, on our skin and in our bodies. Some are pathogenic, meaning they cause disease or infection. To design…

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Fainting during pregnancy can be a sign of problems for both mother and baby

IMAGE: Cardiology researcher Padma Kaul said she wants to see fainting included with other pregnancy-induced conditions like pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes as a warning sign for mothers’ cardiovascular health. view more  Credit: Padma Kaul Women have long been told fainting is a common but harmless symptom of pregnancy, but new research shows it may indicate issues…

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E-cigs and heated tobacco products are harmful and do not help smokers to quit

In a new statement published by the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Tobacco Control Committee [1], an international coalition of respiratory doctors and scientists have warned that tobacco harm reduction strategies which support the use of alternative nicotine delivery products for smoking cessation are not effective and are based upon incorrect assumptions and undocumented claims. They…

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Reading clinician visit notes can improve patients’ adherence to medications

BOSTON—A new study of patients reading the visit notes their clinicians write, report positive effects on their use of prescription medications. The study, Patients Managing Medications and Reading their Visit Notes: A survey of OpenNotes participants, published today in the Annals of Internal Medicine, shows that when patients read their notes, they report significant benefits,…

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UTSA study shows vaping is linked to adolescents’ propensity for crime

(San Antonio, May 28, 2019) — UTSA criminal justice professor Dylan Jackson recently published one of the first studies to explore emerging drug use in the form of adolescent vaping and its association with delinquency among 8th and 10th grade students across the nation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 4.9 million…

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As plaque deposits increase in the aging brain, money management falters

IMAGE: Scans of two study participants show the brain of a cognitively healthy 74-year-old (top row) who demonstrated average financial skills compared to an 86-year-old with mild Alzheimer’s disease (bottom row)… view more  Credit: Duke Health DURHAM, N.C. — Aging adults often show signs of slowing when it comes to managing their finances, such as calculating…

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