How Do Bats Live With So Many Viruses?

If previous outbreaks of coronavirus are any indication, the Wuhan strain that is now spreading may eventually be traced back to bats. Dr. Peter Daszak, president of EcoHealth Alliance, who has been working in China for 15 years studying diseases that jump from animals to people, said, “We don’t know the source yet, but there’s…

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A targeted therapy for triple negative breast cancer may lie existing drugs

Researchers identified two proteins — mutant tumor protein 53 (mtp53) and poly-ADP-Polymerase (PARP) — that are present and interacting with DNA during the replication process in patients with triple negative breast cancer. Suppressing these proteins through a combination of existing PARP-inhibiting therapies could be an effective way to interrupt the development of triple negative breast…

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Openly acknowledging social inequalities

Members of disadvantaged social groups who engage in contact with members of privileged groups are less likely to support social change toward equality, a multinational study by social psychologists at the University of Zurich shows. To reduce this effect, it is important to actively address and acknowledge inequalities in intergroup contacts. Are members of advantaged…

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Infectious disease experts warn of outbreak risks in US border detention centers

BALTIMORE, MD., Jan 29 — Over the past year, at least seven children have died from diseases including influenza while being detained by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency. Infectious disease experts at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) called for protections like influenza vaccinations to prevent…

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Who receives advanced stroke care? It may depend on traffic

LOS ANGELES — When someone has an acute stroke, early access to specialized care is crucial. Whenever possible, experts recommend people receive medical help at a hospital with advanced stroke capability like a comprehensive stroke center (CSC). A new study by the Keck School of Medicine of USC and the USC Schaeffer Center for Health…

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UCLA researchers find chronic inflammation contributes to cancer metastasis

FINDINGS The study reveals a detailed epigenetic mechanism for how interleukin-1-beta, a common cytokine that helps fight infections during inflammation, plays a critical role in cancer metastasis. The researchers found that chronic exposure to interleukin-1-beta can promote lung cancer metastasis through inheritable changes of gene expression without altering DNA sequence. Because of these gene alterations,…

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Researchers seek to solve decades-long Baja California peninsula mystery

There’s something weird going on inside the plants and animals that call the Baja California peninsula home. On the surface, everything looks as expected, but close genetic inspection of many individuals reveals a genomically distinct split between the northern and southern populations of dozens of species. A cross-disciplinary team of researchers from the University of…

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Gut reaction: How immunity ramps up against incoming threats

A new study has revealed how the gut’s protective mechanisms ramp up significantly with food intake, and at times of the day when mealtimes are anticipated based on regular eating habits. Researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute found, in laboratory models, that eating sets off a hormonal ‘chain reaction’ in the gut. Eating…

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Medicaid expansion reduce cancer, saves black lives

Expanding Medicaid in North Carolina could sharply lessen the burden of colon cancers in the state and save the lives of thousands of Black men as well as improving access to care for men of all races, researchers report in the 27 January issue of PLOS ONE. Cancers of the colon and rectum kill tens…

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