Component of human breast milk enhances cognitive development in babies

LOS ANGELES (Feb. 12, 2020) — Maternal factors, such as breast milk, have been shown to affect a baby’s development, and previous animal studies have determined that a carbohydrate, the oligosaccharide 2’FL found in maternal milk, positively influences neurodevelopment. Now, in the first study done in humans, investigators at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles in collaboration…

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ACC, Hearthero to advance out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treatment

The American College of Cardiology and HeartHero have formed an alliance to make a significant impact on survival rates after sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and further ACC’s mission to transform cardiovascular care and improve heart health through HeartHero’s innovative portable automated external defibrillator (AED) technology. While ACC is involved in other innovation relationships, this is…

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Herd immunity: Disease transmission from wildlife to livestock

Transmission of diseases from wildlife to livestock is a common threat in Alberta, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists. Foothills in the southwestern part of the province are home to wild elk as well as cattle on ranchlands—and when the species intermingle, the potential for disease to spread grows. «One of the…

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Answers to microbiome mysteries in the gills of rainbow trout

While many immunologists use mouse models to conduct their research, J. Oriol Sunyer of Penn’s School of Veterinary Medicine has made transformational scientific insights using a very different creature: rainbow trout. In a paper featured on the cover of the journal Science Immunology, Sunyer and colleagues developed a method to manipulate the trout immune system…

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Multi-center neuroimaging study offers new insights on schizophrenia

What if the key to a better understanding of schizophrenia has been here all along—but researchers haven’t had the resources to study it? Now, thanks to the pooled data and insights from researchers around the world, USC researchers have the clearest picture yet of brain abnormalities associated with the serious mental illness that impacts 20…

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New data shows rising repeat ER visits for opioid-related emergencies

WASHINGTON, D.C.—The emergency department is being increasingly utilized as a patient’s best or only treatment option for opioid use disorder (OUD). New analysis in Annals of Emergency Medicine shows that the prevalence of patients who visited emergency departments at four Indiana hospital systems for repeat opioid-related emergencies jumped from 8.8 percent of all opioid-related visits…

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Preclinical study links human gene variant to THC reward in adolescent females

A common variation in a human gene that affects the brain’s reward processing circuit increases vulnerability to the rewarding effects of the main psychoactive ingredient of cannabis in adolescent females, but not males, according to preclinical research by Weill Cornell Medicine investigators. As adolescence represents a highly sensitive period of brain development with the highest…

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