Contact tracing study results recommend consistent wearing of masks, handwashing, and social distancing in public to protect against SARS-CoV-2 infection

A contact tracing study presented at this year’s ESCMID Conference on Coronavirus Disease (ECCVID) confirms the effectiveness of wearing of masks in public, handwashing, and social distancing to protect against SARS-CoV-2 infection. The study is by Assistant Professor Direk Limmathurotsakul, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, and Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, University of Oxford,…

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Study demonstrates SARS-CoV-2 emergence was associated with a large drop in the circulation of other respiratory viruses during the first wave

Analysis of samples taken to test for respiratory viruses over the past five years suggests that the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 was associated with a large drop in circulation of other common respiratory viruses during the first wave. The study, presented at this week’s ESCMID Conference on Coronavirus Disease (ECCVID), is by Dr Stephen Poole, BRC…

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Dartmouth study offers new details on pediatric mental health boarding

A Dartmouth-led study, published in the journal Pediatrics, offers new details about pediatric mental health boarding in emergency departments across the country, a problem that has steadily increased in the last 10 years and been made worse by a shortage of psychiatric resources. Boarding refers to the practice of admitting children and adolescents—who are in…

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New Duchenne muscular dystrophy drug shows benefit in Duke trial

DURHAM, N.C. — A new drug offers hope for young boys with the progressive neuromuscular disease Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) by potentially offering an alternative to high-dose glucocorticoids that have significant side effects. Interim results from a 24-month clinical trial at Duke Health and other institutions suggest that the drug, vamorolone, may retain or improve…

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Team assessing if dual-antibody injection prevents COVID-19 illness

A combination antibody treatment for preventing COVID-19 illness in individuals who have had sustained exposure to someone with the virus is being studied by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). The clinical trial is enrolling patients at Harris Health System’s Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital. The Phase III, randomized, double-blinded,…

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Ascorbic acid-mediated reactions in organic synthesis

One of the important objectives of green chemistry is the use of eco-friendly solvents and catalysts to perform chemical reactions. Catalysts such as organocatalysts, enzymes, and ionic liquids have shown very assuring results in synthesis by reducing the number of hazardous effects of chemical reactions. Among those catalysts, the activities of ascorbic acid are promising…

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160 genes linked to brain shrinkage in study of 45,000 adults

SAN ANTONIO — A new study implicates 160 genes in brain shrinkage seen on MRIs of 45,000 healthy adults. The shrinkage is in the cortex, the dimply outer layer of the brain that gives rise to thinking, awareness and action, and largely consists of gray matter. The study, published Sept. 22 in the journal Nature…

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Faced with shortages, researchers combine heat and humidity to disinfect N95 masks

As the COVID-19 pandemic swept around the world early this year, shortages of protective equipment such as N95 masks left healthcare workers little choice but to reuse the masks they had — increasing the risk of infection for both them and their patients. Now, researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford…

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