Gruber Neuroscience Prize awarded to three for their work on axon guidance

The 2020 Gruber Neuroscience Prize is being awarded to Friedrich Bonhoeffer, of the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Corey Goodman, of venBio, and Marc Tessier-Lavigne, of Stanford University, for their groundbreaking work in elucidating the molecular mechanisms that guide developing axons to their targets, a key step in the formation of neural circuits. The…

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Coal-tar-sealant major source of PAH contamination in Great Lakes tributaries

Runoff from pavement with coal-tar-based sealant is the most likely primary source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs, found in the majority of streambed sediments of Great Lakes tributaries, according to a study published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. PAHs are a group of chemicals found in crude oil and coal and occur as a…

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Experts clarify subtypes of multiple sclerosis to improve care and clinical trials

— Urging the healthcare and regulatory community to use the terms as published for the different subtypes of MS and for describing disease activity, which is critical for selecting clinical trial participants New York, NY — An international committee of multiple sclerosis (MS) experts has clarified their previously published descriptors of the different courses of…

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Elite gamers share mental toughness with top athletes, study finds

High performing esports professionals may require the same mental stamina it takes to be a top Olympian, according to latest QUT research. A new study, published in Frontiers in Psychology, indicated an overlap between the mental toughness and stress-coping processes in traditional sports and competitive esports athletes. Competitive esports athletes appear to cope with stressors…

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NIH scientists develop blood test to help improve liver cancer screening

Scientists have developed a new test that can help identify people who are likely to develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common form of liver cancer. The approach uses a simple blood test to check for the patient’s previous exposure to certain viruses. A study of the new approach was led by researchers at the…

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Projects funded to assess the economic and societal benefits of satellites

WASHINGTON, DC—Resources for the Future (RFF) announced today the winners of three grants, totaling $300,000, to quantify the benefits of using satellite data in decisions that improve socioeconomic outcomes for people and the environment. These awards advance the work of the Consortium for the Valuation of Applications Benefits Linked to Earth Science (VALUABLES), a partnership…

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A post-pandemic world: will populations be on the move? Study shows contagions could be catalysts for mass migration

The development of renewable energies such as wind energy and solar energy is limited by their inherently random and intermittent nature. However, the vanadium flow battery (VFB) offers a cost- and energy-efficient, long-life energy storage technology that can store and smoothly output power from renewable energies. The VFB energy storage system mainly comprises the stack,…

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Amid a Pandemic, Churches Offer Prayer, Hope — and Testing

Ten days in May. Twenty-four churches around New York City. Nearly 20,000 coronavirus tests. Over the past few weeks, churches serving communities of color have been transformed overnight into mini-clinics offering free coronavirus tests to all comers. The initiative, a partnership of the churches, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo’s office and Northwell Health, is an effort…

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