Persistent and worsening insomnia may predict persistent depression in older adults

Older adults with depression may be at much higher risk of remaining depressed if they are experiencing persistent or worsening sleep problems, according to a study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The researchers, who published their findings online April 30 in the journal Sleep, analyzed data from almost 600 people…

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COVID-19 diagnostic tests highlighted in special report

As the new coronavirus continues to claim lives, the race is on to develop fast, convenient and accurate diagnostic tests for COVID-19. Now, researchers from CAS, a division of the American Chemical Society specializing in scientific information solutions, have compiled a special report published in ACS Central Science. Drawing from published journal articles and a…

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Obese adults facing Medicaid expansion gap

Despite overall increases in insurance coverage for low-income individuals in Medicaid expansion states, some gaps remain for individuals who are obese. That’s according to a recent study by a team of researchers at the University of Georgia. The findings, published in the journal Obesity, show a slower uptake of Medicaid enrollment among low-income obese individuals…

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UBC discovery opens new avenues for designing drugs to combat drug-resistant malaria

For the first time, UBC researchers have shown a key difference in the three-dimensional structures of a key metabolic enzyme in the parasite that causes malaria compared to its human counterpart. The finding, recently published in the International Union of Crystallography Journal, brings researchers one step closer to developing new therapies to combat drug-resistant malaria.…

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New discovery explains how the prostate gland regenerates itself

The standard treatment for men with advanced prostate cancer is androgen-deprivation therapy. Androgens are hormones that fuel prostate cell growth; removing them with either drugs or surgery causes the prostate gland to shrink by 90%. Nevertheless, the cells that remain can eventually regrow a tumor, and when they do, the tumor is usually resistant to…

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Two new AHA statements focus on heart failure: How social determinants can affect outcomes; impact on caregivers

DALLAS, April 30, 2020 — Treatment for heart failure should take into consideration a patient’s social determinants of health — their overall living environment, socio-economic status, as well as the needs of unpaid family caregivers, according to two new scientific statements from the American Heart Association, published simultaneously today in the Association’s flagship journal Circulation.…

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Changes to gut microbiome may slow cancer growth in smokers

Bethesda, MD (April 30, 2020) — Changes to the gut microbiome interacted with the immune system to slow the growth of cancer in mice exposed to cigarette smoke, according to research that was selected for presentation at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2020. DDW® data will be published in the May online supplements to Gastroenterology and…

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Fecal transplantation improves outcomes in patients with multi-drug resistant organisms

Bethesda, MD (April 30, 2020) — Transferring fecal matter from the digestive systems of healthy donors to extremely ill patients who had previously been infected with drug-resistant bacteria resulted in shorter hospital stays, fewer bloodstream infections and infections that were easier to treat, according to research that was selected for presentation at Digestive Disease Week®…

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