How the brain ‘mentalizes’ cooperation

IMAGE: Experimental setup: subjects were placed into two fMRI scanners and attempted to align the cursor shown on their displays by adjusting the amount of force they applied to a grip… view more  Credit: Abe M. O. et al., Neural correlates of online cooperation during joint force production, NeuroImage, February 7, 2019.) Researchers identify a part…

Details

Artificial intelligence identifies key patterns from video footage of infant movements

VIDEO: This video was created automatically using the novel pose estimation method. A quantitative analysis of movements is directly accessible from the trajectories of the different body parts in this stickman. view more  Subtle characteristics in the spontaneous movement of very young babies may reveal clinically important aspects of their neurodevelopment. Visual assessment of typical movement…

Details

Quick thinking? It’s all down to timing

Remember hearing people being called slow learners by teachers and parents? That oft-used description of someone who takes a wee bit longer to process information, now has a scientific basis for its existence. Scientists from the NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine have found that the rapidity with which a person is able to…

Details

Rice cultivation: Balance of phosphorus and nitrogen determines growth and yield

In the future, a newly discovered mechanism in control of plant nutrition could help to achieve higher harvests in a sustainable way. Scientists from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China) discovered this mechanism in their research on Asian rice in collaboration with Professor Dr Stanislav Kopriva from the…

Details

Trained musicians perform better — at paying attention

IMAGE: Musicians (light gray bars) demonstrated more efficient control at suppressing irrelevant and distracting stimuli (executive control network) than non-musicians (dark gray bars). Note that for the executive system, the higher… view more  Credit: Elsevier, Helyon London, March 26, 2019 — Musical training produces lasting improvements to a cognitive mechanism that helps individuals be more attentive…

Details

Violence against long-term care staff ‘normalized’

IMAGE: This is Dr. Jim Brophy. view more  Credit: University of Stirling Violence against staff working in long-term care facilities — including physical assault, verbal abuse and sexual harassment — has become «normalised», according to a new University of Stirling study. The research provides a fresh insight into how violence is emerging as a significant risk…

Details

Bringing endangered species back from the brink

A research team at the University of Oxford has begun work to find a new way of saving the Northern White Rhino by using tissue taken from animal ovaries to produce potentially large numbers of eggs in a laboratory setting. Led by Dr Suzannah Williams, researchers working on the Rhino Fertility Project will refine the…

Details

New brain research challenges our understanding of sleep

An international study headed by researchers from Aarhus University has for the first time uncovered the large-scale brain patterns and networks which control sleep, providing knowledge which in the future may help the large proportion of people who experience problems sleeping. We spend approximately one-third of our life asleep and our sleep has fascinated researchers…

Details

Immune-repelling protein prolongs function, survival of human stem-cell-derived beta cells

Encapsulating human stem-cell-derived beta cells in microcapsules made with a protein that repels key immune cells restored glucose metabolism in diabetic mice and protected the cells from immune system attack, preventing the buildup of inflammatory fibrotic tissue that has plagued previous trials of encapsulated beta cells. A team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators reports…

Details

Future Science Group launches new journal Future Drug Discovery

Led by an expert international Editorial Advisory Board, Future Drug Discovery is a peer-reviewed, open access journal covering the latest breakthrough science in drug discovery, research & development. «The field of drug discovery has historically been troubled by high failure rates, and multidisciplinary research and access to data are being increasingly embraced in order to…

Details