Later school start times significantly reduce teen driving accidents

A new study to be presented at CHEST Congress 2019 Thailand in Bangkok shows a significant decrease in teen driving accidents when school start is delayed. Researchers from Farwaniya Hospital in Kuwait and Boston Children’s Hospital studied the impact of a 50-minute delay in high school start times in one of the largest school districts…

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Researchers discover neural patterns key to understanding disorders such as PTSD

Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have identified for the first time an imbalance in a key neural pathway that explains how some people reactivate negative emotional memories. The finding could help scientists unlock new ways to treat psychiatric disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder. The study, «Multiplexing of Theta and Alpha Rhythms in…

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Graphic cigarette warning labels can deter some sales

IMAGE: Examples of the types of graphic warning labels used in the RAND study. These labels are required in more than 100 nations and use of them in the US has… view more  Credit: RAND Corp. Placing graphic anti-smoking warning labels on cigarette packages may deter some adults from purchasing tobacco products, but the strategy is…

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New method for evaluating cancer risk of chemicals is quick, precise, inexpensive

(Boston)—Researchers from Boston University Schools of Medicine (BUSM) and Public Health have developed and evaluated a fast, accurate and cost-effective approach to assessing the carcinogenicity of chemicals—that is, whether exposure to a chemical increases a person’s long-term cancer risk. As a result, they have generated one of the largest toxicogenomics datasets to date, and have…

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High-tech tissue study reveals which cells drive a painful food allergy

IMAGE: This heat map shows single-cell RNA sequencing data from eight types of tissue-resident T cells found in tissues collected from people with eosinophilic esophagitis. T8 cells are not found in… view more  Credit: Cincinnati Children’s CINCINNATI—An eight-year hunt for the cells that drive the extreme childhood food allergy eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has identified a potential…

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Lung cancer treatments vary among the Asian communities

A study from the University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, sought to examine possible health disparities in the treatment of lung cancer within the Asian community in the U.S. In this study, rates of recommended care for non-small cell lung cancer were compared among patients in the Asian community. The authors concluded that…

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Forcing a smile for customers linked with more drinking after work

UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — Employees who force themselves to smile and be happy in front of customers — or who try to hide feelings of annoyance — may be at risk for heavier drinking after work, according to researchers. A team of researchers at Penn State and the University at Buffalo studied the drinking habits…

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Culture of Secrecy Shields Hospitals With Outbreaks of Drug-Resistant Infections

In January, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sent out an urgent public alert about a deadly bacteria, resistant to virtually every known antibiotic, that sickened more than a dozen Americans who had elective surgery at Grand View Hospital in Tijuana, Mexico. But when similar outbreaks take place at hospitals on American soil, the…

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