Research team wins Catalyst Award in first year of international challenge

A research team at Rochester Institute of Technology recently won a Catalyst Award from the National Academy of Medicine for their project, «Improving Health for the Aging through Daily Vital Signs Monitoring.» They were among the more than 1,300 innovators from around the world who submitted project proposals in the academy’s inaugural Healthy Longevity Global…

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How we get around

Whether or not we’re aware of it, humans — animals in general — constantly use environmental cues to navigate from one place to another. We choose a feature from the landscape and use it to guide our behavior, gathering and computing information about our surroundings. It’s a process so old and so essential for survival…

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New insights into a potential target for autoimmune disease

Immune response is a balancing act: Too much can lead to inflammatory or autoimmune disease; too little could lead to a serious infection. Regulatory T cells, or Tregs, are important players in striking this balance, acting as «brakes» on the immune response so it doesn’t go overboard. Consequently, controlling the numbers and activity of Tregs…

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Scientists to improve food plant worker safety, product supply

ITHACA, N.Y. — The COVID-19 pandemic has threatened the nation’s food supply, in part due to food industry workers falling ill, which reduces the workforce and can lead to temporary facility shut-downs. A Cornell University-led project will use computer modeling and outreach to find optimal strategies to minimize COVID-19 cases and transmission among workers in…

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Risk score predicts prognosis of outpatients with COVID-19

BOSTON — A new artificial intelligence-based score considers multiple factors to predict the prognosis of individual patients with COVID-19 seen at urgent care clinics or emergency departments. The tool, which was created by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), can be used to rapidly and automatically determine which patients are most likely to develop complications…

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‘What wound did ever heal but by degrees?’ delayed wound healing due to gene mutations

«Wound healing is one of the most complex biological processes,» write Professor Kazumitsu Sugiura and Dr Kenta Saito from Fujita Health University, Japan, in their article recently published in Nature’s Scientific Reports. As countless researchers in the field have noted, several automated coordinated biological activities take place during wound healing, from stopping the bleeding to…

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Vaping epidemic puts adolescents at risk for potentially fatal lung disease

LOS ANGELES (Oct. 26, 2020) — Adolescent use of e-cigarettes and vaping products is at epidemic proportions, yet the adverse health effects are understudied, with almost no data on younger patients. The problem is sizable as children start vaping at a younger and younger age. Recent estimates show that 9.6 percent of eighth graders vape…

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Why do certain chemotherapies increase the likelihood of blood cancer?

In recent years, improvements in cancer therapy have led to a significant increase in cancer survivorship. Experts estimate that by 2022, the United States will have 18 million cancer survivors, but a subset of those survivors will have long-term health problems to be addressed. One rare complication of cancer treatment is the development of a…

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With Vacation Rentals Empty, European Cities See a Chance to Reclaim Housing

LISBON — Long before the coronavirus swept across Europe this spring, many cities had been complaining that a proliferation of short-term apartment rentals aimed at tourists through platforms like Airbnb was driving up housing costs for locals and destroying the character of historic districts. Now that the pandemic has all but cut off the steady…

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Why False Positives Matter, Too

In the high-stakes world of coronavirus testing, one mistake has taken center stage: the dreaded false negative, wherein a test mistakenly deems an infected person to be virus-free. These troublesome results, experts have said, can deprive a person of treatment and embolden them to mingle with others, hastening the spread of disease. But false negatives…

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