Diabetes can be detected in gut of cats

The cat is the only animal, aside from humans and primates, which spontaneously develops type 2 diabetes. Therefore, researchers are interested in studying how diabetes develops in cats in order to learn more about the disease in general. Now an interdisciplinary team of researchers from the University of Copenhagen have come a step closer to…

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Worm study sparks hope for slowing muscle decline

Muscle decline caused by ageing and certain diseases could be dramatically slowed by stopping a chain reaction that damages cells, new research shows. The study revealed the previously unknown steps by which dysfunction of mitochondria — the so-called «powerhouses» of cells — harms muscle health and leads to atrophy (wasting away). The research team, from…

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NIH grant funds $23 million study of diseases affecting people living with HIV

June 7, 2019—(BRONX, NY) —The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a seven-year, $23 million grant to researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System to study HIV and the chronic illnesses that often accompany HIV infection, including cardiovascular and lung disease, diabetes, and cancer. The new grant builds on previous…

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Algorithm provides customized caffeine strategy for alertness

SAN ANTONIO — A web-based caffeine optimization tool successfully designs effective strategies to maximize alertness while avoiding excessive caffeine consumption, according to preliminary results from a new study. Using multiple sleep-deprivation and shift-work scenarios, the researchers generated caffeine-consumption guidance using the open-access tool 2B-Alert Web 2.0, and then they compared the results with the U.S.…

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nTIDE May 2019 Jobs Report: Job numbers up slightly for Americans with disabilities

IMAGE: nTIDE is a joint project of Kessler Foundation and the University of New Hampshire Insititute on Disability. view more  East Hanover, NJ — June 7, 2019 — In contrast to recent months, job numbers improved slightly for Americans with disabilities, according to today’s National Trends in Disability Employment — Monthly Update (nTIDE), issued by Kessler…

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Insufficient sleep linked to mental health in college students and athletes

SAN ANTONIO — Preliminary results from a new study suggest that there is a dose-response relationship between insufficient sleep and mental health symptoms in collegiate students, including varsity athletes. Results show that in adjusted models, insufficient sleep was associated with all mental health variables, and a dose-response relationship resulted when insufficient sleep was treated as…

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New radiotracer can identify nearly 30 types of cancer

IMAGE: Maximum-intensity projections of 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT in patients re?ecting 15 different histologically proven tumor entities (sorted by uptake in descending order). Ca = cancer; CCC = cholangiocellular carcinoma; CUP = carcinoma… view more  Credit: Kratochwil C, Flechsig P, Lindner Y, et al. A novel class of radiopharmaceuticals has proven effective in non-invasively identifying nearly 30 types…

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Nurses have an increased risk of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation

SAN ANTONIO — According to preliminary results of a new study, there is a high prevalence of insufficient sleep and symptoms of common sleep disorders among medical center nurses. Results show that 49% of participating nurses at an academic medical center averaged less than 7 hours of sleep per night, and the overall average nightly…

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Teens sleep longer, are more alert for homework when school starts later

SAN ANTONIO — Preliminary findings from a new study of middle school and high school students suggest that they got more sleep and were less likely to feel too sleepy to do homework after their district changed to later school start times. In fall 2017, the Cherry Creek School District in Greenwood Village, Colorado, delayed…

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