What causes pinkish-brown discharge?

The color of a person’s vaginal discharge can say a lot about their health. Some people may worry if their discharge is pinkish-brown, but many different factors can cause this. Pinkish-brown discharge or spotting is common around the time of a person’s period, but it can also happen at other times because of ovulation, pregnancy,…

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HPV and breastfeeding: What to know

Human papillomavirus or HPV is a sexually transmitted infection or STI with links to some types of cancer, including cervical and throat cancer. Breastfeeding women may worry about spreading the virus to babies through breast milk. But, for most women with HPV, breastfeeding is safe, and the benefits outweigh any potential risks. In this article,…

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Strategies for Long-Distance Caregiving

Divide and conquer. If, like me, you are fortunate enough to have a sibling or other close family members, Ms. Whitehead suggests dividing the caregiving tasks. This could mean that one person focuses on finances while another handles the medical aspects. Stay connected. It’s hard enough keeping track of our own schedules, let alone managing…

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The New Health Care: What the Experts Want Us to Know About Public Health

The United States receives tremendous benefits from public health spending — with far more value per dollar than with most other types of health care spending. We reviewed those benefits in a recent article, suggesting that more such spending should be considered. Then Upshot readers weighed in with their choices of what public health campaigns…

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Matter: Scientists Are Retooling Bacteria to Cure Disease

Advertisement matter By manipulating DNA, researchers are trying to create microbes that, once ingested, work to treat a rare genetic condition — a milestone in synthetic biology. Image A newborn is tested for PKU, a rare inherited blood disorder, at a hospital in California.CreditCreditSpencer Grant/Science Source Sept. 4, 2018 In a study carried out over…

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The Menopausal Vagina Monologues

A recent 12-week study in JAMA Internal Medicine of 302 postmenopausal women found that estrogen (in the form of Vagifem, a vaginal tablet) was about as effective as a vaginal moisturizer (Replens) or a placebo tablet or gel in providing relief. “Estrogen is not some sort of miracle for everyone,” though for some, “I think…

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On Dessert: Elevate Your Chocolate-Chip Cookies

It takes me forever to get anywhere in Paris. It’s not the traffic, or the strikes — which are almost as reliable as the church bells tolling the hours — or the weather, or the bumpy cobblestone streets. It’s the pastry shops: There are so many of them, and I can’t keep myself from lingering…

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What to do about clogged milk ducts

The breasts contain a series of ducts that carry milk from the mammary glands to the nipples when a woman is breastfeeding. A clogged duct can cause intense pain, swelling, and itchiness. A 2011 study of 117 breastfeeding women found that 4.5 percent experienced clogged ducts at some point during the first year of breastfeeding.…

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Nonfiction: The Sniping Scientists Whose Work Saved Millions of Lives

Kinch, a research scientist, now at Washington University in St. Louis, who has worked on both immunology and cancer and has published a previous book on the crisis in drug development, recounts this history in scholarly detail. Although Edward Jenner is credited with the discovery of vaccination, for using cowpox to inoculate against smallpox, it…

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What causes an absence of menstruation?

Amenorrhea means an absence of menstruation. The term also applies to people who have not started their period by the age of 16, which is called primary amenorrhea. Secondary amenorrhea occurs in people who have missed 3 months of periods. This article explores possible reasons for an absence of menstruation. It also covers when to…

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