Researchers use health data tools to rapidly detect sepsis in newborns

IMAGE: Aaron J. Masino, PhD, is a machine-learning scientist at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. view more  Credit: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Automated programs can identify which sick infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have sepsis hours before clinicians recognize the life-threatening condition. A team of data researchers and physician-scientists tested machine-learning models in…

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Lipid-filled particle may work with immune system to keep fat healthy

NEW YORK, NY (Feb 28, 2019)—Researchers have discovered that fat tissue releases a lipid-filled particle that has a role in immune function and metabolism. The study, in mice, was published online in the journal Science. Why it matters Obesity appears to activate the immune system, contributing to type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and…

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New study links electronic cigarettes and wheezing in adults

IMAGE: People who vaped were nearly twice as likely to experience wheezing compared to people who didn’t use tobacco products, according to a study published in Tobacco Control. Wheezing is often… view more  Credit: University of Rochester Medical Center Electronic cigarette use («vaping») is associated with wheezing in adults, according to a new study published in…

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Tracking food leads to losing pounds

IMAGE: People who tracked weight and food using a free app lost pounds in a new Duke study. view more  Credit: Duke University DURHAM, N.C. — Without following a particular diet, overweight people who tracked daily food consumption using a free smartphone app lost a significant amount of weight in a new Duke University study. The…

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Brain processes concrete and abstract words differently

Rockville, Md. (February 28, 2019)—A new review explores the different areas of the brain that process the meaning of concrete and abstract concepts. The article is published ahead of print in the Journal of Neurophysiology (JNP). The words that make up our language can be divided into two categories of concepts: concrete and abstract. Concrete…

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New affiliation to advance therapies for rare diseases

Oxford, UK and Cleveland, Ohio, USA — 28 February 2019 — The University of Oxford and University Hospitals in Cleveland, Ohio, today announced a multi-year affiliation to establish a global center for rare diseases. The Oxford-Harrington Rare Disease Centre will bring together the capabilities, resources and expertise of both institutions to deliver new treatments for…

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Researcher studies impact of drug-trafficking violence

LOWELL, Mass. — A UMass Lowell researcher who analyzes the causes and impacts of violence fueled by drug trafficking has won critical acclaim for her work and is bringing a fresh understanding of these issues from the streets into the classroom. When teaching, UMass Lowell’s Angelica Duran-Martinez, assistant professor of political science, draws on 15…

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Is alcohol consumption more helpful than harmful? It depends on your age

PISCATAWAY, NJ — Studies of health effects of alcohol consumption may underestimate the risks of imbibing, particularly for younger people, according to a new study in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. The research demonstrates that although cohort studies—the type of observational investigations typically used to study health benefits and risks—sometimes show benefits…

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Higher hospital readmission rates for cardiac patients in Northern vs. Southern Ontario: Importance

IMAGE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI): cumulative incidence for all-cause death and readmission by Northern and Southern Ontario. view more  Credit: Canadian Journal of Cardiology Philadelphia, February 28, 2019 — Patients hospitalized with heart attacks, heart failure, atrial fibrillation or stroke in Northern Ontario, Canada, were more likely to be readmitted to the hospital and repeatedly hospitalized…

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Psychiatry: Case notes indicate impending seclusion

IMAGE: Notes could help to prevent seclusion: entrance to the ward where most of the secluded patients are treated. view more  Credit: Image: Psychiatric University Clinics Basel Using notes made by the attending healthcare professionals about psychiatric patients enables impending coercive measures to be predicted in advance — potentially even through automated text analysis. This was…

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