Researchers discover clues to brain differences between males and females

BALTIMORE, MD., March 1 — Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have discovered a mechanism for how androgens — male sex steroids — sculpt brain development. The research, conducted by Margaret M. McCarthy, Ph.D., who Chairs the Department of Pharmacology, could ultimately help researchers understand behavioral development differences between males and females.…

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Detailed new primate brain atlas could lead to disease insights

IMAGE: The Brain/MINDS atlas can be used in conjunction with other brain mapping and imaging methods. Here, mapped neural connections of interest (atlas annotations—colored) are laid on top of MRI scans… view more  Cold Spring Harbor, NY — The ability to comprehensively map the architecture of connections between neurons in primate brains has long proven elusive…

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New chemical probes advance search for new antibiotics

VIDEO: A video clip shows cell walls light up red in real time as a bacterium integrates fluorescent probe during growth. view more  BLOOMINGTON, Ind. — Indiana University researchers are advancing knowledge about how bacteria build their cell walls that could contribute to the search for new antibacterial drugs. They have created a new tool to…

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Traumatic brain injury and kids: New treatment guidelines issued

Each year in the United States, more than 600,000 children are seen in emergency rooms due to traumatic brain injury, a disruption to the normal function of the brain caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Severe TBI results in approximately 7,000 childhood deaths annually, while survivors of the condition may suffer…

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Study examines how sensitivity to emotions changes across the lifespan

IMAGE: Why do we become more positive as we grow older? view more  Credit: McLean Hospital Why do we become more positive as we grow older? Why are adolescents so sensitive to negative social cues? These are a few of the questions addressed in «Emotion Sensitivity Across the Lifespan: Mapping Clinical Risk Periods to Sensitivity to…

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Novel sleep index, wakefulness may predict if patients able to breathe on their own

IMAGE: Wakefulness may predict if patients able to breathe on their own. view more  Credit: ATS March 1, 2019—Critically ill patients are more likely to be successfully weaned from a mechanical ventilator, or breathing machine, if they have higher levels of wakefulness and both their right and left brains experience the same depth of sleep, according…

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Tool reveals molecular causes of disease, including infant cancer

IMAGE: In a demonstration of a tool for revealing molecular differences between diseases, researchers discovered four genes associated with a rare pediatric cancer. The image on the left shows a normal… view more  Princeton University researchers are gaining new insights into the causes and characteristics of diseases by harnessing machine learning to analyze molecular patterns across…

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From 1969 to 2019, a Day at The New York Times

Image TIMES INSIDER The book “A Day in the Life of The New York Times” chronicled 24 hours at the Gray Lady 50 years ago. On its anniversary, we look at how the news organization operates today. Feb. 28, 2019 Times Insider explains who we are and what we do, and delivers behind-the-scenes insights into…

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Gap Plans to Spin Off Old Navy After a Dismal Year

Gap, one of the largest operators of mall stores in the United States, said on Thursday that it planned to spin off Old Navy into a separate public company, drawing a line between the family-friendly apparel chain and its classic, more expensive brands. The separate company would contain Gap’s namesake label, Banana Republic, Athleta, Intermix…

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