New approaches cut inappropriate antibiotic use by over 30%

(SACRAMENTO) — A UC Davis study of nine emergency departments and urgent care centers in California and Colorado found educating physicians and patients about safe antibiotic use can cut overuse by one-third. The study, funded under a contract from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), appears in June 19 in the journal…

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Synthetic joint lubricant holds promise for osteoarthritis

ITHACA, N.Y. — A new type of treatment for osteoarthritis, currently in canine clinical trials, shows promise for eventual use in humans. The treatment, developed by Cornell University biomedical engineers, is a synthetic version of a naturally occurring joint lubricant that binds to the surface of cartilage in joints and acts as a cushion during…

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New international initiative stresses need for global action on air pollution

The National Academies of Sciences and Medicine from South Africa, Brazil, Germany, and the United States of America have joined forces to issue an urgent call to action on harmful air pollution. They are calling for a new global compact to improve collaboration on the growing problem, and for governments, businesses and citizens to reduce…

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Researchers learn dangerous brain parasite ‘orders in’ for dinner

IMAGE: This image shows increased expression of an arginine transporter (CAT1, green) in host cells infected with Toxoplasma parasites (nuclei stained blue). view more  Credit: Indiana University Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have discovered how a dangerous parasite maintains a steady supply of nutrients while replicating inside of its host cell: it calls for…

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Sickle cell drug showing promise in clinical trial

IMAGE: UConn School of Medicine’s Dr. Biree Andemariam presented her latest phase 2 clinical trial findings in Amsterdam at the European Hematology Association meeting in June 2019. view more  Credit: Photo by Willem Scheele, Imara Inc. An investigational drug for the treatment of sickle cell disease is showing early promise in clinical trials for impacting biomarkers…

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Deep submersible dives shed light on rarely explored coral reefs

VIDEO: Researchers dove to the mesophotic zone off the coast of Maui, Hawaii, in a submersible, then collected specimens using a robot arm. They also captured video footage and photos of… view more  Just beyond where conventional scuba divers can go is an area of the ocean that still is largely unexplored. In waters this deep…

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Research discovery leads to new clinical trial for myelofibrosis patients

IMAGE: Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) discovered in laboratory studies that an experimental drug called selinexor may block a crucial survival pathway… view more  Credit: Huntsman Cancer Institute SALT LAKE CITY — Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) discovered…

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In ovarian cancer care, focus on high-volume centers could come at a cost

NEW YORK, NY (June 19, 2019)—Limiting ovarian cancer surgery to high-volume hospitals could improve survival but may also reduce access for many rural and underserved patients, a new study from researchers at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons has found. Although mortality was higher than average at hospitals that performed 3 or fewer…

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