Periodontitis may raise the risk for developing dementia

Gum disease (gingivitis) that goes untreated can become periodontitis. When this happens, the infection that affected your gums causes loss in the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontitis is the main cause of tooth loss in adults.Interestingly, periodontitis is also a risk factor for developing dementia, one of the leading causes for disability in older…

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Oscillation in muscle tissue

IMAGE: The picture shows an immunohistochemical image of skeletal muscle. The nuclei of muscle stem cells are colored in green. The nuclei of the muscle fibers are shown in blue, the… view more  Credit: Birchmeier Lab / MDC Muscle stem cells have to be ready to spring into action at any time: When a muscle becomes…

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Nursing work environment shapes relationship between EHR & quality of care

IMAGE: Penn Nursing’s Ann Kutney-Lee, PhD, RN, FAAN, Adjunct Associate Professor of Nursing, and a Senior Fellow at both CHOPR and the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics. view more  Credit: Penn Nursing PHILADELPHIA (March 15, 2019) — In the decade since the federal government’s electronic health record (EHR) initiatives first became law, nearly all U.S.…

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Precision medicine for pediatric cancer

Research performed over the last several decades has led to an increased understanding of the genetics of cancer. The clinical application of this knowledge for pediatric cancer has lagged behind studies performed for adults. In a perspectives article published in the prestigious journal Science, Dr. Jaclyn Biegel, from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, and Dr. Alejandro…

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Sweat holds most promise for noninvasive testing

IMAGE: The University of Cincinnati developed a sensor that stimulates sweat under a tiny patch even when its wearer is cool and resting. The sensor can provide the same information found… view more  Making a revolutionary biosensor takes blood, sweat and tears. And saliva, naturally. University of Cincinnati professor Jason Heikenfeld examined the potential of these…

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Dormant viruses activate during spaceflight — NASA investigates

Herpes viruses reactivate in more than half of crew aboard Space Shuttle and International Space Station missions, according to NASA research published in Frontiers in Microbiology. While only a small proportion develop symptoms, virus reactivation rates increase with spaceflight duration and could present a significant health risk on missions to Mars and beyond. NASA’s rapid…

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Diabetics more likely to experience high blood sugar after joint surgery

IMAGE: Bradford Waddell, MD, Hospital for Special Surgery view more  Credit: Hospital for Special Surgery People with diabetes who undergo joint replacement surgery are at sharply higher risk of experiencing elevated blood sugar after the operation, increasing their chances of developing infections and other complications, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special…

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Enzyme USP15 may have potential role in future treatment of various cancers

WASHINGTON (March 15, 2019) — Researchers at the George Washington University (GW) Cancer Center found that the enzyme USP15 could potentially lead to new treatments for breast and pancreatic cancer. Their findings were published in Nature Communications. «With this study, we validate the role of USP15 in maintaining genome stability and tumor suppression and inform…

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With single gene insertion, blind mice regain sight

IMAGE: Adeno-associated viruses (AAV) engineered to target specific cells in the retina can be injected directly into the vitreous of the eye to deliver genes more precisely than can be done… view more  It was surprisingly simple. University of California, Berkeley, scientists inserted a gene for a green-light receptor into the eyes of blind mice and,…

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