University of Virginia chemist IDs possible addiction-free pain reliever

An estimated 1.7 million Americans suffer from substance abuse disorders related to opioid use for pain relief, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. This causes an economic burden of more than $78 billion per year in health care and addiction treatment costs, as well as loss of worker productivity and increased criminal activity.…

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Critical windows when experience shapes the brain

Pat Levitt, PhD, Chief Scientific Officer at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles and Simms/Mann Chair in Developmental Neurogenetics, received a $3.7M grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to study development of neural circuits. «Our laboratory investigates how the wiring of the brain that underlies cognition and social and emotional behavior is built over time,»…

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Teens with obesity find artificial intelligence coach helpful in weight-loss program

ORLANDO (May 16, 2019) — Researchers at Nemours Children’s Health System have found that an artificial intelligence (AI) behavioral coach, nicknamed Tess (X2ai, Inc), is feasible and useful for behavioral counseling of adolescent patients in a weight management program. The study, published today in the journal Translational Behavioral Medicine, demonstrates adolescents’ willingness and positive reaction…

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Malnourished fruit flies preserve genital size to ensure reproductive success

IMAGE: Fruit flies. view more  Credit: Alexander Shingleton In most animals, body size shrinks when food becomes scarce, but some parts are protected from shrinkage. In humans without enough food, the body becomes small, but the size of the head stays the same, hinting at biological mechanisms that act to preserve the all-important brain. In arthropods…

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Electric car switch on for health benefits

Could the health benefits and reduced costs to healthcare systems be enough to justify subsidizing charging infrastructure to allow society to switch from the internal combustion engine to electric vehicles faster than current trends predict? Writing in the International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Mitchell House and David Wright of the University of Ottawa,…

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Flexibility of working memory from random connections

IMAGE: Stimuli from our sensory world are processed separately through the prism of structured, ring-like, sensory networks in the brain. According to the new model of working memory from Princeton University’s… view more  Credit: Courtesy of the authors A new article in Neuron from Princeton University neuroscientists Flora Bouchacourt and Tim Buschman presents a new model…

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How ‘You Know Me’ Became #YouKnowMe

On Tuesday, after the Alabama Senate voted to pass a bill that would ban almost all abortions in the state, the actress Busy Philipps felt compelled to take action. “Women deserve compassion and understanding in their personal health choices,” Ms. Philipps, 39, said on Wednesday. “This is something a lot of people experience and go…

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Medical News Today: What foods reduce testosterone?

Some foods, including soy, dairy, and specific fats, may lower testosterone levels in the body. However, a person can also increase testosterone levels naturally, by exercising regularly and maintaining a healthful weight. The food a person eats can affect many aspects of their health, not just their waistline. Food powers the cells and may affect…

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