Study connects low social engagement to amyloid levels and cognitive decline

Social relationships are essential to aging well; research has shown an association between lack of social engagement and increased risk of dementia. A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital found that higher brain amyloid-β in combination with lower social engagement in elderly men and women was associated with greater cognitive decline over…

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Researchers look to unlock post-traumatic stress disorder puzzle

A team of Penn State and University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine researchers is attempting to answer a question that has long puzzled experts: Why do some individuals suffer post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after experiencing trauma, and others do not? The research, led by Nanyin Zhang, professor of biomedical engineering and Lloyd & Dorothy…

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Teens who can describe negative emotions can stave off depression

IMAGE: The researchers found that youth who are poor at differentiating their negative emotions are more susceptible to depressive symptoms following stressful life events. Conversely, those who display high NED are… view more  Credit: Lisa Starr and Stephen Dow/University of Rochester Teenagers who can describe their negative emotions in precise and nuanced ways are better protected…

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Scientists find thirdhand smoke affects cells in humans

IMAGE: Giovanna Pozuelos (left) is a graduate student working with Prue Talbot at UC Riverside. view more  Credit: Stan Lim, UC Riverside. RIVERSIDE, Calif. — Thirdhand smoke can damage epithelial cells in the respiratory system by stressing cells and causing them to fight for survival, a research team led by scientists at the University of California,…

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Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative taps Joslin researchers for Human Cell Atlas project

BOSTON — (June 28, 2019 — Researchers from Joslin Diabetes Center have been selected by the Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative (CZI) as one of 38 collaborative science teams that will launch CZI’s Seed Networks for a Human Cell Atlas projects. These collaborative groups will bring together scientists, computational biologists, software engineers, and physicians to support the continued…

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An improved vaccine for bacterial meningitis and bloodstream infections

Washington, DC — June 18, 2019 — Researchers have now developed a new vaccine, a native outer membrane vesicle (NOMV) vaccine, for meningitis and bloodstream infections caused by «meningococcal group B» bacteria. This will allow younger people to be vaccinated and will address several limitations of the current vaccinations. The research is published this week…

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Ending needless chemotherapy for breast cancer

A diagnostic test developed at The University of Queensland might soon determine if a breast cancer patient requires chemotherapy or would receive no benefit from this gruelling treatment. Breast cancer survivor Joy Jensen said such a test would give control back to those who felt helpless about their situation. «If an oncologist could look at…

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Children’s Hospital Colorado’s Cardiac Catheterization Lab earns accreditation

Aurora, Colo. (June 28, 2019) — The Heart Institute at Children’s Hospital Colorado (Children’s Colorado) has been granted the Intersocietal Accreditation Commission’s (IAC) Cardiovascular Catheterization accreditation for Pediatric Cardiovascular Catheterization, Complex Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Valve Interventions, and Structural Heart Interventions. According to the IAC, this accreditation is a «seal of approval» that patients can…

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Low-cost retinal scanner could help prevent blindness worldwide

VIDEO: Adam Wax, professor of biomedical engineering at Duke University, explains and demonstrates his new optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanner that is 15 times lighter and smaller than current commercial systems… view more  DURHAM, N.C. — Biomedical engineers at Duke University have developed a low-cost, portable optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanner that promises to bring the…

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