Infectious disease experts warn of outbreak risks in US border detention centers

BALTIMORE, MD., Jan 29 — Over the past year, at least seven children have died from diseases including influenza while being detained by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency. Infectious disease experts at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) called for protections like influenza vaccinations to prevent…

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Who receives advanced stroke care? It may depend on traffic

LOS ANGELES — When someone has an acute stroke, early access to specialized care is crucial. Whenever possible, experts recommend people receive medical help at a hospital with advanced stroke capability like a comprehensive stroke center (CSC). A new study by the Keck School of Medicine of USC and the USC Schaeffer Center for Health…

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UCLA researchers find chronic inflammation contributes to cancer metastasis

FINDINGS The study reveals a detailed epigenetic mechanism for how interleukin-1-beta, a common cytokine that helps fight infections during inflammation, plays a critical role in cancer metastasis. The researchers found that chronic exposure to interleukin-1-beta can promote lung cancer metastasis through inheritable changes of gene expression without altering DNA sequence. Because of these gene alterations,…

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Researchers seek to solve decades-long Baja California peninsula mystery

There’s something weird going on inside the plants and animals that call the Baja California peninsula home. On the surface, everything looks as expected, but close genetic inspection of many individuals reveals a genomically distinct split between the northern and southern populations of dozens of species. A cross-disciplinary team of researchers from the University of…

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Gut reaction: How immunity ramps up against incoming threats

A new study has revealed how the gut’s protective mechanisms ramp up significantly with food intake, and at times of the day when mealtimes are anticipated based on regular eating habits. Researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute found, in laboratory models, that eating sets off a hormonal ‘chain reaction’ in the gut. Eating…

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Medicaid expansion reduce cancer, saves black lives

Expanding Medicaid in North Carolina could sharply lessen the burden of colon cancers in the state and save the lives of thousands of Black men as well as improving access to care for men of all races, researchers report in the 27 January issue of PLOS ONE. Cancers of the colon and rectum kill tens…

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Researchers Are Racing to Make a Coronavirus Vaccine. Will It Help?

In the early days of January, as cases of a strange, pneumonia-like illness were reported in China, researchers at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland readied themselves to hunt for a vaccine to prevent the new disease. They had clues that a coronavirus, similar to ones that caused the SARS outbreak in 2003 and…

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F.D.A. Warns Purell to Stop Claiming It Can Prevent Ebola or Flu

The Food and Drug Administration has warned the maker of Purell hand sanitizers to stop claiming its products can prevent people from catching the flu, Ebola virus, the MRSA superbug and norovirus. In a notice dated Jan. 17, the F.D.A. told Purell’s maker, Gojo Industries, that its unsubstantiated claims that Purell could reduce the potential…

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