Researchers identify brain protein crucial to recovery from stroke

IMAGE: Mouse nerve cell with partially damaged axons (green) projecting outward from the nucleus. view more  Credit: Steven Graham/University of Pittsburgh PITTSBURGH, Feb. 11, 2019 — Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States suffers a stroke and available therapies, such as clot busting drugs or clot removal devices, are focused on limiting the extent of…

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More than half a million breast cancer deaths averted in the US over three decades

Latest U.S. estimates indicate that since 1989, hundreds of thousands of women’s lives have been saved by mammography and improvements in breast cancer treatment. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings point to progress made in early detection and management of breast cancer. Screening mammography for the…

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LGBTQ youths are over-represented, have poorer outcomes in child welfare system

IMAGE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youths are more likely to end up in foster care or unstable housing and suffer negative outcomes, such as substance abuse or mental… view more  Credit: University of Texas at Austin Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youths are more likely to end up in foster care…

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Stress-free training may enhance surgical skill

IMAGE: Ioannis Pavlidis, Eckhard Pfeiffer Professor and director of the Computational Physiology at the University of Houston removed stressful environmental factors, leaving only the inherent challenge of the surgical tasks, and… view more  Credit: University of Houston University of Houston and Methodist Hospital researchers are reporting in Scientific Reports that the best way to train surgeons…

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Better architectural design could prevent youth suicide

IMAGE: Charlotta Thodelius has studied the importance of location in suicidal situations. She has observed that younger people commit a different type of suicide from adults. Suicide among younger people is… view more  Suicide among younger people is often so spontaneous that it can be prevented if they do not encounter a potentially dangerous place outdoors.…

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New target could help protect vision following optic nerve trauma

IMAGE: This photo shows Dr. Abdelrahman Y. Fouda, Dr. Ruth B. Caldwell and research associate Zhimin Xu. view more  Credit: Phil Jones, Augusta University Senior Photographer AUGUSTA, Ga. (Feb. 11, 2019) — When a car crash or explosion results in an optic nerve injury, eliminating an enzyme known to promote inflammation appears to aid recovery, scientists…

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Facial trauma malpractice lawsuits favor physicians, Rutgers study finds

Southern courts favor physicians in malpractice lawsuits over facial trauma treatment, while courts in the Midwest favor patients, according to a Rutgers study. The study, which was published in the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, is the first to explore facial trauma litigation. It also found that outcomes in facial trauma lawsuits generally favor…

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